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Top 20 Canadian Universities for PhD Study in 2022

Written by Marcus Holt

Canada has a reputation for being one of the friendliest countries in the world, as well as having globally-renowned research universities. But what are the best Canadian universities for PhD study?

One way to decide where to study your PhD is to look at university rankings. So, we’ve collated the rankings from three global university league tables to help you in your PhD search.

Top Ranked Canadian Universities

The following table lists the 20 top-ranked Canadian universities in 2021/22.

Top 20 Canadian Universities in 2022
University THE 2022 QS 2022 ARWU 2021
University of Toronto =18 26 22
University of British Columbia 37 46 42
McGill University 44 =27 67
McMaster University =80 140 92
University of Montreal =88 111 101-150
University of Alberta 125 126 101-150
University of Ottawa =162 230 201-300
University of Calgary 201-250 235 151-200
Simon Fraser University 201-250 =298 301-400
University of Waterloo 201-250 =149 151-200
Western Univeristy 201-250 170 201-300
Dalhousie University 251-300 =272 201-300
Universitié Laval 251-300 =414 301-400
Queen's University 251-300 =240 201-300
University of Manitoba 301-350 601-650 301-400
University of Victoria 301-350 =334 301-400
York University 401-500 =494 301-400
University of Guelph 501-600 581-590 401-500
University of Saskatchewan 501-600 458 301-400
Carleton University 601-800 601-650 401-500
Information in this table is based on the latest Times Higher Education World University Rankings, QS World University Rankings and Academic Ranking of World Universities. Visit their websites for more information.

So, how good are the top universities in Canada for PhD study?

In global rankings, Canada does well, with several universities in the world top 100 for each league ranking.

Given that Canada only has around 100 universities (the USA has about 4,000), the striking number of universities ranking high is impressive.

On this page we’ve given a brief introduction to university rankings. For a more detailed overview of how the system works and how to get the best out of it, check our guide to PhD rankings.

Search for a PhD in Canada

Ready to start looking for your ideal study abroad opportunity? Browse PhDs in Canada on or read our guide to studying a PhD in Canada.

PhD Study in Canada – A Guide for 2022

Our guide covers everything you'll need to know to study in Canada this year, including fees, funding, visas and more.

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Last Updated: 19 November 2021