Consumers’ choices of goods should not vary with changes in the procedure by which they are made or with the description. In this “consequentialist” view, choices should only depend on their likely consequences.
Number of awards. 1. Start date and duration. September 2019 for a three-year PhD. Overview. Newcastle University and the Centre for Macaques (CFM) are looking for a PhD student for an NC3Rs funded project studying the impacts of different weaning ages in laboratory primates (rhesus and cynomologus macaques).
Most strategic decisions occur under considerable uncertainty. For example, when investing in the stock market, a trader may use purely probabilistic models to estimate risk in the market’s fluctuations.
All animals can tailor their morphology, physiology and behaviour (their ’phenotype’) to changing environmental conditions. This phenotypic plasticity entails a reinterpretation of an animal’s genetic information.
All animals can tailor their phenotype to the environmental conditions they experience during their lifetime. Such phenotypic plasticity typically entails coordinated changes in morphology, physiology and behaviour.
Social behavioural difficulties are commonly reported by individuals with Autism Spectrum Conditions (ASC). One of the leading theories suggests that these difficulties are brought about by a reduced reward response to social stimuli, i.e.