Individuals vary tremendously in their propensity to transmit infections. Such host heterogeneity – most striking in the case of super-spreading and super-shedding individuals - makes it difficult to predict, manage, and curtail epidemics.
Location. University of Exeter, Penryn Campus, Penryn, Cornwall TR10 9FE. This project is one of a number that are in competition for funding from the NERC Great Western Four+ Doctoral Training Partnership (GW4+ DTP).
Project description. Amphibians are the most threatened group of vertebrates, with global declines driven by and associated with emerging infectious disease, invasive species and climate change (North et al.
Bumblebees are crucial pollinators in both wild and agricultural systems. Bumblebees are also facing widespread declines, in part due to infectious diseases, which challenges the stability of wild floral communities, and the animals that depend on them, and food security.