Invasive non-native species (INNS) threaten biodiversity world-wide. In Scotland, introduced mammals including American mink, hedgehogs, grey squirrels and stoats damage multiple SPA or SAC designated areas.
"Mycorrhizal symbioses are one of the most extensive and important biotic interactions in terrestrial ecosystems, typically providing plants with improved access to nutrients in exchange for carbohydrates produced via photosynthesis.
Motility is important for bacterial survival and facilitates colonisation and dispersal of bacteria. While swimming and type IV pili-based swarming is relatively well understood, gliding or adventurous motility, a form of surface-associated motility is still enigmatic.