Photocatalysis allows light energy to be harnessed to drive catalytic reactions via single-electron transfer. However, many redox-catalytic processes, including those that involve oxygen atom transfer, require the transfer of more than one electron.1.
The accumulation, in the environment and in human food supply chain, of organic micropollutants, drugs, hormones or endocrine disruptors, represents today one of the biggest challenges to public health and the environment in the EU and elsewhere.
Photocatalysis is known as a promising and environmentally sustainable method of water purification. Photocatalytic water treatment is a cheap, yet efficient process as it is initiated simply by light irradiation.
There is growing interest in the use of photosynthetic proteins in devices for solar energy conversion, biosensing, photosensing, photocatalysis, touch sensing, molecular electronics and biodegradable solar cells.