Have you ever wondered why and how cardiovascular disease and atherosclerotic plaques develop in the areas that they do? Why is it that some arteries are prone to blockage while others are protected? The answer lies with blood flow.
Biofilms are communities of microorganisms bound to surfaces by a layer of glue-like extracellular polymeric substances (EPS). They can be found virtually everywhere, from water pipes and food packaging to medical devices and human tissues.
Recent advances in semiconductor nano-technology have led to a new generation of robust controllable structures where manipulation of coupling between light and matter can be performed on a sub-micrometer scale.