Summary Rational and unique mathematical strategies for active flood control will be developed and tested in the design of flood alleviation schemes for UK rivers, such as Yorkshire’s Aire and Calder Rivers, based on increasing flood-plain storage capacity.
The world’s rivers are undergoing unprecedented changes in their flow regimes. These changes can be negative impacts, such as those wrought through flow abstraction for irrigation, flow regime changes for hydropower or flood control, or long-term reductions in runoff caused by climate change (Dudgeon et al.
The study on flooding, and identifying suitable ways to mitigate floods, have become a top priority for Government and the Environmental Agency, due to increasing flood frequency and intensity around the UK.
Freshwater ecosystems provide crucial ecosystem services and support exceptional biodiversity. However, rivers are highly influenced by environmental change and are among the most threatened of all ecosystems.
The majority of Britain’s earliest Palaeolithic sites are associated with estuaries and/or the lower reaches of major rivers. This distribution of sites suggests that the earliest colonisers may have been restricted to coastal habitats, with their milder micro-climates and distinctive resources.