Following development of insect larvae organic rearing substrates can be used as fertilisers. The properties of this remaining substrate are poorly defined and functional claims have been made without robust evidence.
Insects can provide a source of protein for animal feed and other high value products. There has been minimal research on the selection of insect populations with desirable traits for use in this emerging industry.
The limited uptake of agricultural innovations with proven productivity-enhancing potential and the translation of productivity increases into improvements in nutrition are two major development challenges facing Low and Middle Income Countries (LMICs).