Cold-water corals (CWC) are key habitat-forming organisms found throughout the world’s oceans from 30 to 3000 m deep. The complex three-dimensional frameworks made by these vulnerable marine ecosystems support high biodiversity and commercially important species.
Background. To ensure safety of any engineering system so that human life is protected and the environment is safe it is logical to be able to define when it is operating outside of its design condition.
Background. Hydrogen Induced Cracking (HIC) / Stress Oriented Hydrogen Induced Cracking (SOHIC) is the process of hydrogen forming metals becoming brittle as a result of the diffusion mechanisms of hydrogen into the microstructure of steel structures.