Rationale. Tropical coral reefs are a substantial source of the climate-cooling gas dimethyl sulfide (DMS). The major precursor of DMS is the secondary metabolite dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) that is biosynthesised to high concentrations in symbiotic dinoflagellates of the tropical genus Symbiodinium .
Global change is predicted to result in both rapidly changing environments and dramatic changes in disease outbreaks. Key to predicting winners and losers under the nexus of infection and global change is any mismatch between hosts and pathogens in their thermal tolerances and adaptive potential.
Environmental change threatens biodiversity, altering ecosystem processes and provision of ecosystem services. These environmental change pressures are accelerating due to growing human populations and accompanying climate change, land use, pollution and invasive species.
During evolution, grasses acquired a variety of functional traits that allowed them to colonize almost all environments around the globe, and rank amongst the most productive crops, weeds, and invasive species.