Marine plankton respond rapidly to environmental change associated with climate change and also emissions of waste and pollutants, which may cause significant losses in biodiversity and impact ecosystem resilience.
An ever-increasing number of people use nature for recreation and tourism across all ecoregions. Those activities now threaten the conservation of 5930 species and marine coastal regions are particularly affected (Lusseau & Mancini 2018).
Increasing use is made of marine protected areas (MPAs) to locally manage and conserve marine biodiversity. Although highly mobile, with complex temporal and spatial movement patterns, many endangered elasmobranchs show site association to critical habitats at important life history stages.
We have demonstrated repeatable and substantial differences in the colonisation of rice cultivars by the model arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungus Rizophagus irregularis and mapped quantitative trait loci for the variation.
A cluster of three PIPs on chromosome 7 of rice are all candidate genes for a drought avoidance locus. These genes are highly expressed in roots and thought to have a major role in root hydraulic conductance.