Biofilms are communities of microorganisms bound to surfaces by a layer of glue-like extracellular polymeric substances (EPS). They can be found virtually everywhere, from water pipes and food packaging to medical devices and human tissues.
Carbon dioxide has the potential to be utilised as a carbon source for the production of chemicals, providing new routes to oxygenates and providing an economic offset to the costs of carbon sequestration.
Organic (carboxylic) acids are produced as by-products from a range of sustainable processes, e.g. in the aqueous phase arising from CO2 conversion via Fischer-Tropsch synthesis; anaerobic digestate residues; BSF larvae used for organic waste decomposition etc.
Granulation is a process of size enlargement of the powder particles. It is used in different sectors such as pharmaceutical and food industries to improve the properties of the powder and hence the final product.