Climate change poses a significant threat to global biodiversity. Conservation strategies are critically dependent on a thorough understanding of the effects of fluctuating environments on animal morphology, physiology and behaviour.
24-hour rhythms are present in virtually all aspects of our behaviour and physiology. These rhythms are underpinned by circadian clocks that run throughout the body, and act within each tissue to orchestrate many organ functions and rhythmic activities (e.g.
Scientific research has focused on the Arctic recently as this region is at high risk from the effects of climate change. Animal energy budgets are linked to species survival and are composed of various factors including the cost of locomotion.
We now live in a world of rapidly changing environmental conditions where species will need to adapt or perish. While populations may evolve in response to environmental change, more rapid responses may happen through processes like phenotypic plasticity.