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University of Southampton, Ocean and Earth Science PhD Projects, Programs & Scholarships

We have 98 University of Southampton, Ocean and Earth Science PhD Projects, Programs & Scholarships

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  Abrupt climate change during the last deglaciation: linking records from Greenland to central Europe.
  Prof A Kemp, Prof PG Langdon, Dr J Whiteside
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. The last deglaciation (16,000 – 11,000 years ago) was Earth’s most recent massive climate change but its dynamics are not adequately understood.
  Antarctic benthic Mollusca: biodiversity, community and functional group structure in habitats influenced by varying ice-cover and the Weddell Gyre
  Dr K Linse, Dr P Fenberg, Dr H Griffiths
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. The Southern Ocean (SO) and its Antarctic component are globally important in understanding how ecosystems and biodiversity respond to climate change.
  Antarctica before ice sheets: polar climate history of past greenhouse worlds.
  Dr S Bohaty, Dr CD Hillenbrand, Assoc Prof R Levy, Prof P Wilson
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. During the extremely warm global ’greenhouse’ period 50 million years ago, Antarctica was mostly ice free and hosted temperate forests in coastal regions of the continent.
  Asian Monsoon drought and flood intensity: testing predicted response to changes in global warmth and polar ice volume
  Prof P Wilson, Dr C Xuan, Dr A Crocker
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. The Asian Monsoon (AM) is a major component of the global climate system, affecting the lives of four billion people.
  Assessing the effects of microplastics on marine benthic communities
  Dr D Mayor, Dr J Godbold, Dr B Thornton, Dr A Horton
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. Continental shelf sediments are biogeochemical hotspots. Interactions between benthic invertebrates and bacteria drive the remineralization of organic matter, returning inorganic nutrients to the overlying waters and stimulating primary production.
  Aurora caused by energetic proton precipitation into the polar atmosphere
  Dr D Whiter, Dr R Fear, Prof B Lanchester
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. The aurora is a result of energised charged particles (electrons and protons) travelling down the Earth’s magnetic field lines and colliding with the neutral atmosphere.
  Avalanche dynamics on desert dunes: Processes and drivers, from ancient to modern
  Dr J Nield, Dr R Ewing, Dr M Baddock
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. Avalanching is responsible for wind-blown dune migration on Earth and Mars and because avalanches are preserved in dune stratigraphy, they are the most direct way that we can interpret past wind-climate conditions.
  Bayesian analysis of Earth’s climate sensitivity: past, present and future
  Dr P Goodwin, Dr K Oliver, Prof T Tyrrell
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. The biggest cause of uncertainty in predicting the magnitude of future global warming, for a given pattern of CO2 emissions, lies in Earth’s ‘climate sensitivity’ (the increase in average surface temperature following a sustained doubling of atmospheric carbon dioxide).
  Biogeochemical cycling of trace metals in a changing Arctic Ocean
  Prof R James, Dr H Goring-Harford, Dr M Lohan
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. The Arctic Ocean is the most rapidly warming ocean on our planet, but the consequences of ice melt on primary productivity, which underpins the entire Arctic ecosystem, are not clear.
  Can enhanced weathering provide an effective climate change mitigation strategy?
  Dr C Pearce, Dr G Andrews, Prof R James
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. Anthropogenic inputs of carbon dioxide (CO2) to the atmosphere are the primary cause of global warming.
  Carbon fluxes in mangrove – seagrass ecosystems
  Prof J Dash, Dr V Byfield, Dr C Evans, Dr A Lichtschlag
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. Mangroves are an important and unique costal ecosystem. The carbon storage potential of mangrove and seagrass ecosystems is widely recognized [1].
  Caribbean Subduction: Seismic Imaging of Melt and Volatiles in the Lesser Antilles with joint inversion, full-waveform, and machine learning approaches
  Dr C Rychert, Dr T Henstock
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. Dense oceanic tectonic plates sink beneath buoyant continental plates at subduction zones. The ocean plate adds volatiles like water to the mantle, lowering the melting temperature, and enabling melting and eventually creating volcanoes at Earth’s surface.
  Catastrophic change to Earth’s magnetic field
  Dr C Xuan, Prof P Wilson, Dr G Hellio
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. Earth’s magnetic field provides a protective shield from harmful effects of the solar wind, but field strength and behaviour are constantly changing.
  Challenging theories on the latitudinal coherence of the AMOC
  Dr A Sanchez-Franks, Dr E Frajka-Williams, Prof H Bryden
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. The Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC) is a large-scale oceanic circulation comprised of currents that carry warm, shallow water northwards and return cold deep-water southwards.
  Changing Ocean Freshwater and Heat Transports and Atlantic Climate Tipping Points
  Dr J Mecking, Prof S Drijfhout, Prof P Holliday
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. Abrupt climate changes can have large and devastating socio-economic impacts, therefore being able to simulate them in future climate scenarios is of great importance.
  Climate change effects on ocean biogeochemistry
  Dr S Henson, Dr A Hickman
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. Human-induced climate change is expected to affect ocean biogeochemistry through increasing temperature, ocean acidification and deoxygenation.
  Climate Change, Plate Tectonics and Machine Learning
  Dr C Rychert, Dr J Whiteside
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. Our understanding of the transition from the lithospheric plate to the weaker asthenosphere has recently been revolutionized by seismic imaging that finds a sharp, strong discontinuity at the base of the plate.
  Closing loopholes in the nitrogen cycle: Nitrification now and in the future
  Dr A Yool, Prof T Tyrrell, Dr A Martin, Prof N Bates
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. Nitrification ( oxidation) of ammonia (NH3) back to nitrate (NO3-) is an important regenerative step in the nitrogen cycles of both marine and terrestrial systems.
  Comparative study of anemones from distinct thermal habitats: Highlighting the impact of geographic isolation in promoting evolution of thermal resistant genotypes
  Dr V Modepalli, Prof J Wiedenmann, Prof C Brownlee
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. Acquisition of phototrophic endosymbionts constitutes a key ecological innovation in the evolution of corals, permitting these animals to flourish in oligotrophic waters.
  Conversion of carbon dioxide into fuels for energy storage.
  Dr C.A. Ponce-de-Leon-Albarran, Dr L. Wang
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. Carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is currently 411 parts per million (ppm) and increases 2 ppm/year possibly due to fossil fuel consumption, deforestation, as well as natural processes contributing to the greenhouse effect such as global warming.
  Determining Earth’s Volatile Cycling using Machine Learning
  Dr C Rychert, Dr T Henstock
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. Earth’s volatile cycle is fundamental to human existence on the planet. However, precise constraints on this system have proved challenging.
  Developing and testing innovative approaches to support seaweed cultivation in the UK
  Dr D Smale, Dr A Jensen
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. Seaweed cultivation is one of the fastest growing components of global agriculture, with seaweed production contributing to a range of industries including pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, animal feed, fertilizer, biofuels and human food.
  Development of Robust Simultaneous Localisation and Mapping Techniques for Autonomous Underwater Vehicles Operating under the Polar Sea-Ice
  Prof E Rogers, Dr A. Phillips, Dr G Salavasidis
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. Despite the considerable effort directed towards AUV navigation, a self-contained solution remains a key challenge.
  Dissecting the microbial foodweb: determining the influence of phytoplankton derived organic matter substrates on bacterial growth efficiency
  Dr C Evans, Prof C Moore
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. Bacterial growth plays a key role in regulating carbon and nutrients fluxes, and energy flow in marine ecosystems.
  Dynamic phytoplankton iron physiology and its impacts on global ecosystem function
  Dr B Ward, Dr T Bibby
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. Primary production couples solar energy arriving at the Earth’s surface to global biogeochemistry, linking elemental cycles together through the synthesis of organic molecules.
  Dynamics of a wave propelled surface vessel
  Dr N Townsend, Dr D Taunton, Dr M Tan
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. This project aims to establish the fundamental principles of a novel, submerged tandem flapping foil mechanism to convert ocean wave energy directly into propulsion for ASVs.
  Earth and Environment from Fiber Optic and Seismic Wave Analyses
  Dr C Rychert, Dr A Masoudi, Dr N Harmon, Prof M Srokosz
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. Much of our direct imaging and understanding of Earth’s subsurface comes from data collected by relatively sparse deployments of seismometers.
  Enhancing ecosystem functioning to improve sustainability of subsistence farming in Papua New Guinea
  Dr R Morris, Dr J.L. Snaddon, Dr B.J. Robroek
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. Increasing agricultural production in high biodiversity tropical areas, alongside a growing population, and climate change, is an increasing challenge in many countries with tropical climates.
  Evolution of Southern Ocean temperature and Antarctic circumpolar circulation.
  Dr S Bohaty, Prof P Wilson, Dr CD Hillenbrand, Assoc Prof H Scher
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. The flow of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC) through the Drake Passage is the primary conduit for modern surface and deep-water communication between the Pacific and Atlantic oceans.
  Fine-scale electric fields and Joule heating from observations of the Aurora
  Dr R Fear, Dr D Whiter, Prof B Lanchester
Application Deadline: 3 January 2020

Funding Type

PhD Type

Project Rationale. The Earth’s aurora borealis (northern lights) are a spectacular natural phenomenon.
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