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  • Funded PhD Programme (Students Worldwide)
    Funded PhD Programme (Students Worldwide)

About This PhD Profile

Profile Description

Deadline for Application: 15 October 2018

The Doctoral Training Unit on Enforcement in Multi-level Regulatory Systems II (REMS-II) is opening 8 funded PhD positions in law.

For information on this training programme and on the specific areas see the abstract below.


• Ref: DTU REMS II - PRIDE (to be mentioned in all correspondence)
• Fixed- term 14-month initial contract, extendable to 48 months.
• Full-time position, 40h/week
• Employee and student status

• The doctoral candidate will conduct research under the guidance of a professor with the aim of studying towards a PhD in Law.
• The doctoral candidate will publish research results and present them at conferences, workshops, etc.
• S/he shall contribute to the teaching of classes ranging from one to three hours per week, of small group teachings and tutorials.

Your profile
• Master's degree in Law; a multidisciplinary background in Law and in Economics is an advantage.
• Have the linguistic skills to evolve in a multilingual environment: fluency in either English or French, good understanding of the second language and possibly a third language.
• Strong interest in interdisciplinary research.
• Excellent communication and team working skills are required.

We offer
• Fully-funded 4-year position.
• An exciting international and multilingual research environment and the possibility to work within a research team focused on enforcement in multi-level regulatory systems.
• Personal workspace (full-time contract requires the doctoral candidate to work at the University premises).
• Travel opportunities for training and learning.
• The University offers highly competitive salaries based on the candidate's experience and is an equal opportunity employer.

Applications should be submitted online before 15 October 2018 and must include the following:

- Completed online application form;
- A curriculum vitae;
- Copies of university degrees (to the extent possible, please include university transcripts and official details of class rank);
- A research proposal linked to the project description and to one of the issue areas of the call (2000 words-long, containing an explanation of the topic, its scientific background and why the applicant considers it to be important; a research question and the specific aim of the research proposal; methodology; timeline for completion, and a short bibliography);
- Two letters of recommendation by professors familiar with the applicant's academic legal training commenting on the applicant's ability to conduct academic research;
- Proof of language proficiency in English and / or French if those languages are not the mother tongue of the applicant.

The University of Luxembourg is an equal opportunity employer.

Further Information

PhD Supervisors and Research Areas

Prof. Joana Mendes, REMS-II Coordinator, EU Administrative Law
Prof. Luc Heuschling, Comparative Constitutional Law
Prof. Katalin Ligeti, European Criminal Law
Prof. Herwig Hoffman, EU Administrative Law
Prof. Hélène Ruiz Fabri, International Economic Law
Prof. Mark Cole, Media Law
Prof. Mahulena Hoffman, Space Law
Prof. Werner Haslehner, European Tax Law

Link :

The Doctoral Training Unit on Enforcement in Multi-level Regulatory Systems II (REMS-II)

The Doctoral Training Unit on Enforcement in Multi-Level Regulatory Systems II (REMS II) is a joint research programme of the Faculty of Law, Economics and Finance (FDEF) and the Max Planck Institute Luxembourg for Procedural Law (MPI Luxembourg). DTU-REMS-II follows up the first DTU research programme on Enforcement in Multi-level Regulatory Systems running at the University of Luxembourg since 2017 (more information on the first programme can be found here -

Multi-level regulatory systems are a key feature of post-modern societies. They are characterised by the interdependence between public and private actors cutting across a variety of governance levels; and by substantive specialisation, which determines different modes of multi-level interactions, adjusted to the regulatory needs of each policy field. Enforcement ensures conformity between behaviour and legal rules and is key for both the credibility and effectiveness of multi-level regulatory regimes and for their legitimacy. Despite its importance, enforcement has received relatively limited academic attention. Existing studies, fall short of comprehensively assessing the complex patterns of interaction that cut across international, European and domestic governance levels.

Against this background, the goals of DTU-REMS-II are twofold:
• mapping the legal problems and weaknesses of enforcing legal norms in multi-level settings;
• defining how those legal problems can be addressed by identifying the possible choices between various forms of judicial or non-judicial enforcement institutions (or combinations thereof) that respect the constitutional principles of democracy, fundamental rights' protection and the rule of law.

DTU-REMS-II is designed to capture the overall process through which conformity between behaviour and legal norms can be progressively achieved in multi-level regulatory systems and to enable a comparative institutional analysis between the various enforcement mechanisms employed in multi-level regulatory systems.

The research programme will be conducted in four distinct research axes, each having constitutional principles as evaluative criteria for the respective comparative institutional analysis. The PhD candidates selected in this round will contribute to the following research axes and themes:

• Courts, quasi-judicial bodies and regulatory agencies in multi-level regulatory systems;
o Implementation of decisions by international courts and by alternative dispute resolution mechanisms (Prof. Hélène Ruiz Fabri)
o Enforcement challenges of space mining as a multi-level regulatory system (Prof. Mahulena Hoffman)
o The openness of the Benelux constitutional systems to the primacy of international law (Prof. Luc Heuschling) – third language requirement: passive knowledge of Dutch or willingness to acquire it is required for this topic.

• The public-private divide and its challenges to enforcement;
o Multilevel regulation of debt leverages in public-private partnerships and compliance (Prof. Pierre Picard)

• Norms, enforceability and availability of legal remedies (the challenges of multi-level settings to the protection of constitutional principles);
o Administrative cooperation and information exchanges (Prof. Herwig Hofmann)
o International regulatory cooperation and judicial review (Prof. Joana Mendes)
o Constitutional challenges of international norms on taxation (Prof. Werner Haslehner)
o Judicial and administrative enforcement of financial quasi-criminal sanctions (Prof. Katalin Ligeti)

The research programme is supported by an inter-disciplinary doctoral training programme covering economics and law, based on seminars and collaborative research-based activities dedicated to topics tailored to the research programme.

Funding Notes

Some or all of the PhD opportunities in this programme have funding attached. Applications for this programme are welcome from suitably qualified candidates worldwide. Funding may only be available to a limited set of nationalities and you should read the full programme details for further information.

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