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A mixed-method examination of Attention-Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Adolescence and Adulthood.


Project Description

Background:

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is One of the most common conditions in young people and the socioeconomic burden on society is estimated at £100,000 per case. There is evidence that supports the positive acute and chronic effects of physical activity on executive functioning in those with ADHD. There is a need to establish evidence-based guidance for supporting learners and sport participants with ADHD.

Aims and Methods:

1. Identify the effect of physical activity on executive functioning and emotional regulation in adolescents and adults with ADHD. The first stage is likely to include a systematic review and meta-analysis of the effect of physical activity and exercise on ADHD in young people and adults. Secondly, a qualitative research approach to understanding the benefits of different ‘rhythmic’ and ‘high-intensity ‘exercises on ADHD symptoms. A central feature of this approach is to include young people, parents and adults with ADHD in the physical activity and sport intervention design process. Qualitative methods (including focus groups and semi-structured interviews) will be used to elicit to specific indicators of challenges with working-memory, communication and executive functioning control and their impact on sport participation and also the impact of activity and movement on symptoms and quality of life. Phenomenological qualitative methods including narrative analysis will be used to analyse data from people with ADHD and their parents.
Outcomes: 1. Evidence-based guidance for ’movement’ interventions for people with ADHD and addressing psychosocial barriers to engagement. 2. Online resource for coaches of those with ADHD to promote understanding of ADHD related challenges and strengths.

The supervisory team have networks in ADHD services (North-East and North-West) and lived experience which will increase engagement and impact. They intend this PhD studentship to be the first phase in developing future grant applications.


Funding Notes

Applications should be made directly to Dr Jenny Meggs and should include:

CV (max 2 A4 sides), including details of two academic references
A cover letter outlining your qualifications and interest in the studentship (max 2 A4 sides)

How good is research at Lancaster University in Allied Health Professions, Dentistry, Nursing and Pharmacy?

FTE Category A staff submitted: 64.40

Research output data provided by the Research Excellence Framework (REF)

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