The traditional UK dwellings are generally designed with small area of façade openings and building facades with lower U-values to reduce heat losses in winter. Such designs are important for retaining heat within building space in cold and temperate climatic zone. In recent years, the evidence of climate change can be seen in the UK, through an increasing number of cases where there is a build-up of heat within buildings. This has become a significant issue given the air tightness design of the UK dwellings, which enables the heat to be retained. Compared with non-domestic buildings, the UK dwellings also have no mechanical ventilation system, which increase the possibility of overheating within them. With more European countries are frequently subjected to unusual heat waves, researchers realise there is a need for assessing overheating risk in domestic dwellings.
This PhD project will explore the potential use of novel design concepts and technologies for supporting adaptive design for the UK dwellings, as opposed to the existing traditional methods of design. The project will develop and evaluate the performance of technologies, building materials and/ or building designs, which can be effectively adapted to the domestic building stock to reduce the risk of overheating in the UK summertime. The performance of these designs/ building materials/ technologies will be investigated using computational program with historical and forecasted future weather data and validated experimentally.
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