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Advanced planar MIMO sparse imaging for target detection

   Electronic and Electrical Engineering

  , Dr Shaoqing Hu  Applications accepted all year round  Self-Funded PhD Students Only

About the Project

Millimetre wave or THz imaging has been greatly developed for security detection and non-destructive testing. The imaging system with full electronic scanning of planar multiple-input and multiple-output (MIMO) array is appealing because of fast scanning speed but it leads to an unaffordable cost with the increase in operation frequency.

The sparse MIMO array is a potential solution, so it will be widely investigated in this project. Besides, in order to achieve a real time frame rate, advanced sparse imaging algorithm in space domain and frequency domain will be investigated. The proper sparse imaging algorithm will be proposed that is compatible with the imaging system setup.

The successful candidate should hold an Honours Degree or a Master’s Degree in Electronic Engineering (e.g., microwave engineering, electromagnetics, antenna theory, wireless communication), Physics or another relevant subject area. The candidates with knowledge or research experience on electromagnetics, synthetic aperture radar, computational imaging, signal/image processing, machine learning and good programming skills are preferred.

Research journey

Doctoral research programmes (PhDs) take a proud place in the world-class research environment and community at Brunel. PhD students are recognised and valued by their supervisors as an essential part of their departments and a key component of the university's overall strategy to develop and deliver world-class research.

A PhD programme is expected to take 3 years full-time or 6 years part-time, with intakes starting in January, April or October.

The general University entrance requirement for registration for a research degree is normally a First or Upper Second Class Honours degree (1st or 2:1) or an international equivalent. A Masters degree is a welcome, but not required, qualification for entry.

Find out how to apply for a PhD at Brunel

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Excellent research support and training

The Graduate School provides a range of personal, professional and career development opportunities. This includes workshops, online training, coaching and events, to enable you to enhance your professional profile, refine your skills, and plan your next career steps as part of the Researcher Development Programme. The researcher development programme (RDP) offers workshops and seminars in a range of areas including progression, research management, research dissemination, and careers and personal development. You will also be offered a number of online, self-study courses on BBL, including Research Integrity, Research Skills Toolkit, Research Methods in Literature Review and Principles of Research Methods.

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You will receive tailored careers support during your PhD and for up to three years after you complete your research at Brunel. We encourage you to actively engage in career planning and managing your personal development right from the start of your research, even (or perhaps especially) if you don't yet have a career path in mind. Our careers provision includes online information and advice, one-to-one consultations and a range of events and workshops. The Professional Development Centre runs a varied programme of careers events throughout the academic year. These include industry insight sessions, recruitment fairs, employer pop-ups and skills workshops.

Funding Notes

Brunel offers a number of funding options to research students that help cover the cost of their tuition fees, contribute to living expenses or both. See more information here: View Website. The UK Government is also offering Doctoral Student Loans for eligible students, and there is some funding available through the Research Councils. Many of our international students benefit from funding provided by their governments or employers. Brunel alumni enjoy tuition fee discounts of 15%.


[1] Hu, S., Shu, C., Alfadhl, Y. and Chen, X. , 'Advanced THz MIMO Sparse Imaging Scheme Using Multipass Synthetic Aperture Focusing and Low-Rank Matrix Completion Techniques', IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, November 2021.
[2] Amir Masoud, M., Hu, S., Skouroliakou, V., Fusco, V., Chen, X. and Yurduseven, O. , 'Fourier Compatible Near-Field Multiple-Input Multiple-Output Terahertz Imaging with Sparse Non-Uniform Apertures', IEEE Access, December 2021.
[3] WEIKANG SI, XIAODONG ZHUGE , AND JUNGANG MIAO, ‘Sparse Nonuniform Frequency Sampling for Fast SFCW Radar Imaging’, IEEE Access, Volume 8, July 2020.
[4] Sherif Sayed Aboelyazeed Ahmed, ‘Electronic Microwave Imaging with Planar Multistatic Arrays’, Faculty of Engineering Friedrich-Alexander-Universit ̈at Erlangen-Nu ̈rnberg, PhD thesis, 2013.
[5] Xiaodong Zhuge and Alexander G. Yarovoy, ‘Study on Two-Dimensional Sparse MIMO UWB Arrays for High Resolution Near-Field Imaging’, IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 60, No. 9, September 2012.

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