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Analytical and numerical modeling of innovative strengthening materials (Fiber Reinforced Polymer and Textile Reinforced Mortar) applied on brittle supports


   Civil Engineering

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  Dr Elisa Bertolesi  Applications accepted all year round  Self-Funded PhD Students Only

About the Project

Fiber Reinforced Polymer (FRP) composites and Textile Reinforced Mortar (TRM) materials represent an effective retrofitting strategy for the rehabilitation of masonry and concrete structures. Typically, debonding of an FRP strip from the substrate is a brittle phenomenon involving the support, with the removal of a thin layer of bricks and mortar, and roughly ruled by an initial linear elastic behaviour followed by marked softening, due to the detachment of the strip from the substrate. Several recent and less recent studies, mainly based on experimentation, sophisticated numerical modelling and theoretical approaches, just focus on this topic. The re-elaboration of the experiences collected on this topic allowed to conceive dedicated technical recommendations, as in Italy with the CNR DT 200 - technical code on FRP reinforcement applied to concrete and masonry.

The debate on the application of FRP composites in general and C-FRP in particular for the rehabilitation and seismic upgrading of historical masonry structures or existing buildings is however still open, some authors raising doubts on the long-term efficacy and cost of the intervention when compared with traditional techniques. The major drawback seems however related to the reversibility issue, which is nowadays considered a priority for any seismic upgrading with innovative materials.

In order to be consistent with such conservation requirement, part of the scientific efforts have been recently channelled to an alternative – appearing more reversible – innovative strengthening systems, such as Textile Reinforced Mortars TRMs. Apart from open issues related to reversibility, durability and vapour permeability of FRP strips, from a strictly structural point of view, the application of FRP on masonry walls and arches is certainly very interesting. The project focuses on the development of advanced analytical and numerical models of innovative reinforcement materials, such as Fiber Reinforced Polymers (FRP) and Textile Reinforced Mortars (TRM), to improve the adhesion of strengthening composites when applied to masonry.

The project offers a unique opportunity to carry out a high-quality research project in collaboration with several recognized universities, such as the Politecnico di Milano (Italy) and the University of Florence (Italy). The project will be coupled with experimental laboratory tests to enable the calibration and development of the advanced modelling approaches.

Research activities within the civil engineering degree programmes at Brunel cover a wide ranging and diverse field of topics. Academic staff involved within these programmes investigate the management of urban waste, bio-based building products, and natural fibre composites in construction. They also develop an understanding of the behaviour of structures under extreme conditions such as fire, impact and seismic loadings and find solutions to coastal engineering problems such as coastal wave dynamics and coastal resilience against natural hazards such as storm surges, tsunamis, earthquakes, landslides.

Research journey

Doctoral research programmes (PhDs) take a proud place in the world-class research environment and community at Brunel. PhD students are recognised and valued by their supervisors as an essential part of their departments and a key component of the university's overall strategy to develop and deliver world-class research.

A PhD programme is expected to take 3 years full-time or 6 years part-time, with intakes starting in January, April or October.

The general University entrance requirement for registration for a research degree is normally a First or Upper Second Class Honours degree (1st or 2:1) or an international equivalent. A Masters degree is a welcome, but not required, qualification for entry.

Find out how to apply for a PhD at Brunel

Research support

Excellent research support and training

The Graduate School provides a range of personal, professional and career development opportunities. This includes workshops, online training, coaching and events, to enable you to enhance your professional profile, refine your skills, and plan your next career steps as part of the Researcher Development Programme. The researcher development programme (RDP) offers workshops and seminars in a range of areas including progression, research management, research dissemination, and careers and personal development. You will also be offered a number of online, self-study courses on BBL, including Research Integrity, Research Skills Toolkit, Research Methods in Literature Review and Principles of Research Methods.

Library services

Brunel's Library is open 24 hours a day, has 400,000 books and 250,000 ebooks, and an annual budget of almost £2m. Subject Information Specialists train students in the latest technology, digital literacy, and digital dissemination of scholarly outputs. As well as the physical resources available in the Library, we also provide access to a wealth of electronic resources. These include databases, journals and e-books. Access to these resources has been bought by the Library through subscription and is limited to current staff and students. 

Dedicated research support staff provide guidance and training on open access, research data management, copyright and other research integrity issues.

Find out more: Brunel Library

Careers support

You will receive tailored careers support during your PhD and for up to three years after you complete your research at Brunel. We encourage you to actively engage in career planning and managing your personal development right from the start of your research, even (or perhaps especially) if you don't yet have a career path in mind. Our careers provision includes online information and advice, one-to-one consultations and a range of events and workshops. The Professional Development Centre runs a varied programme of careers events throughout the academic year. These include industry insight sessions, recruitment fairs, employer pop-ups and skills workshops.


Funding Notes

This is a self-funded topic
Brunel offers a number of funding options to research students that help cover the cost of their tuition fees, contribute to living expenses or both. See more information here: https://www.brunel.ac.uk/research/Research-degrees/Research-degree-funding. The UK Government is also offering Doctoral Student Loans for eligible students, and there is some funding available through the Research Councils. Many of our international students benefit from funding provided by their governments or employers. Brunel alumni enjoy tuition fee discounts of 15%.

References

State-of-the-art review and future research directions for FRP-to-masonry bond research: Test methods and techniques for extraction of bond-slip behaviour, J. Vaculik, P. Visintin, N.G. Burton, M.C. Griffith, R. Seracino, Construction and Building Materials, Volume 183, 2018.
State-of-the-art on strengthening of masonry structures with textile reinforced mortar (TRM), L. A. S. Kouris, T. C. Triantafillou, Construction and Building Materials, Volume 188, 2018.
Effectiveness of Textile Reinforced Mortar (TRM) materials for the repair of full-scale timbrel masonry cross vaults, E. Bertolesi, B.Torres, J. M. Adam, P. A. Calderón, J. J. Moragues, Engineering Structures, Volume 220, 2020.
Single lap shear tests of masonry curved pillars externally strengthened by CFRP strips, T. Rotunno, M. Fagone, E. Bertolesi, E. Grande, G. Milani, Composite Structures, Volume 200, 2018.
Modelling of the bond behaviour of curved masonry specimens strengthened by CFRP with anchor spikes, E. Grande, M. Fagone, T. Rotunno, E. Bertolesi, G. Milani, Composites Part B: Engineering, Volume 171, 2019.
Development of an interface numerical model for C-FRPs applied on flat and curved masonry pillars, G. Milani, M. Fagone, T. Rotunno, E. Grande, E. Bertolesi, Composite Structures, Volume 241, 2020.
Micro-mechanical FE numerical model for masonry curved pillars reinforced with FRP strips subjected to single lap shear tests, E. Bertolesi, G. Milani, M. Fagone, T. Rotunno, E. Grande, Composite Structures, Volume 201, 2018. -
FRP-strengthening of curved masonry structures: local Bond behavior and global response, E. Bertolesi, F. Fabbrocino, A. Formisano, E. Grande, G. Milani, Key Eng. Mater., Volume 747, 2017.
Heterogeneous FE model for single lap shear tests on FRP reinforced masonry curved pillars with spike anchors, E. Bertolesi, G. Milani, M. Fagone, T. Rotunno, E. Grande, Construction and Building Materials, Volume 258, 2020. -
The influence of the joint thickness on the adhesion between CFRP reinforcements and masonry arches, M. Fagone, T. Rotunno, E. Grande, E. Bertolesi, G. Milani, Procedia Struct Integr, Volume 11, 2018.
Curved masonry pillars reinforced with anchored CFRP sheets: An experimental analysis, T. Rotunno, M. Fagone, E. Bertolesi, E. Grande, G. Milani, Composites Part B: Engineering, Volume 174, 2019.
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