Assessing and improving resilience of cereal production in South Asia to climate variability and change
Cereal production systems, in particular wheat and rice, constitute the main source of food security and incomes for millions of smallholder farmers across South Asia. However, cereal production in the region also remains highly exposed to risks posed by extreme weather events such as droughts and heatwaves, which limit agricultural productivity and trap farmers in persistent poverty. Given the expected increase in the frequency and magnitude of extreme weather events due to climate change, there is therefore an urgent need to identify management strategies and policies to increase resilience of smallholder cereal farmers in South Asia to climate shocks.
Design of effective solutions to enhance farmers’ resilience to climate variability and change in South Asia is predicated on accurate knowledge of the type, frequency and severity of the weather shocks that drive spatial and temporal variability in agricultural productivity. Research in this area is currently constrained by a lack of understanding about the reliability and accuracy of available meteorological data for the South Asia, and about how weather dataset uncertainty influences the performance of associated agricultural risk assessments. Moreover, their remains limited understanding about how models of crop yield response to weather shocks should be designed. Existing yield models consider only a small subset of seasonally aggregated explanatory weather variables, but commonly neglect other factors that are expected to be important drivers of yield losses such as the intraseasonal timing of weather extremes, local heterogeneity in management practices, and broader socio-economic changes influencing farmers ability to adapt to climate shocks (e.g. rural out-migration and labour shortages).
This project will address these important knowledge gaps to develop new predictive models of the relationships between weather shocks and agricultural outcomes in cereal production systems across South Asia. Using combinations of station and gridded weather data, local and regional agricultural surveys, and satellite remote sensing, you will evaluate and improve the quality of weather forcing datasets and weather-crop yield impact models for the major wheat and rice production systems in South Asia. In the later stages of the project, you will apply your generated weather-yield models together with newly developed state-of-the-art climate projections from the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 6 (CMIP6) to assess the ability of alternative climate risk reduction (e.g. improved irrigation access, changing crop varieties/calendars) and transfer (e.g. agricultural insurance) solutions to sustainably improve food security and farmer livelihoods.
You will join a dynamic and growing group of PhD students and research staff working to improve the productivity and sustainability of farming systems in Africa, Asia, and North America. You will be supported and mentored by a multi-disciplinary supervisor team with expertise in climate impacts and agricultural systems research. Both supervisors have a range of active research projects and collaborations focused on climate risks to farming systems across South Asia. Through these connections you will be have access to a wide range of datasets and models required to support your research. You will also be actively supported to collaborate and engage with major international agricultural research centres in the South Asian region, including International Maize and Wheat Improvement Centre (CIMMYT), International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), the International Water Management Institute (IWMI), along with regional and national government and private sector (e.g. insurers) agencies supporting agricultural development.
We encourage applications from a range of backgrounds for this project – you do not need to have undertaken a specific undergraduate or masters degree program to apply. We are looking for a student with a strong quantitative background – whether from engineering, physical or social sciences – who is passionate and interested in addressing global challenges of improving livelihoods and food security of smallholder farmers. Prior experience in programming, statistical analysis, and/or agriculture-related research would be beneficial, but are not prerequisites for applying.
MACE area(s) of expertise: MACEWater
Funding is offered through the Department of Mechanical, Aerospace and Civil Engineering (MACE) for a 3-year PhD available for start dates from October 2019. This covers both HEU tuition fees and an RCUK-standard rate stipend to cover living costs. Financial support is available to students to enable attendance at conferences and workshops, and support travel to engage and collaborate with partners in South Asia. International applicants are encouraged to contact the supervisors to discuss potential alternative funding sources.
For Information about how to apply: View Website
For enquiries about the application process: Martin Lockey ([email protected], Tel: +44(0)161 275 4345)