About the Project
Climate change projections predict substantial impacts on cities and human development in future. The goal of Paris Agreement is to limit global warming to below 2°C rise, compared to the pre-industrial levels (1850-1900) and making an all-out effort to limit this increase to 1.5°C (UNFCCC, 2015). In United Kingdom (UK), most of the energy consumed in the buildings is used for heating, which is directly linked with their energy efficiency. Energy Performance Certificates (EPC) for buildings are required by law, however, the EPC ratings are subject to some inconsistencies and biases due to the qualitative nature of the information collected by the assessors. Further, this data is not available for all the domestic buildings and there is a big data gap.
Considering the mammoth decarbonisation required in the domestic sector to attempt meeting the Paris Agreement targets, there is a need to determine the current energy efficiency of buildings. This project aims to assess whether geospatial techniques could help in this regard – the initial case study area would be a few regions in the UK. The objectives are to employ remote sensing (satellite, airborne, ground-based, or a combination) and ancillary data in order to:
(1) assess the energy efficiency of domestic buildings at an aggregated spatial scale, potentially using Urban Heat Islands (UHIs), Local Climate Zones (LCZs) and other methods;
(2) evaluate whether geospatial methods could be employed with confidence to estimate building-level energy efficiency; and
(3) automate the developed processes that would help evaluate the impacts of decarbonisation over time.
The successful candidate is expected to acquire, process, and analyse geospatial data, particularly collected through passive and active remote sensing systems. The candidate will also review and analyse the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals and other resolutions relevant to the project, along with the UK EPC data, policies and regulations.
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