Assessment of farmers understanding of the causes and significance of Ammonia emissions and the barriers to the adoption of abatement technologies
The National Emissions Ceilings (NEC) Directive (2001/81/EC) and Gothenburg Protocol (UNECE, 1999) places limits on ammonia emissions, with agriculture comprising 98% of national emissions, with the majority of these emissions coming from animal housing and the storage and land-spreading of animal manures. Irish agriculture is now faced with the challenge of reconciling the growth that has already taken place in the dairy sector and the potential future growth in dairy cow numbers and the resulting offspring with the need to comply with Ammonia reduction targets established under the EU Clean Air Package. This project seeks to quantify the abatement potential of a range of measures associated with the storage and land-spreading of bovine slurry and generate the associated nationally specific emission factors for each option for inclusion in Ireland’s national ammonia inventories.
Ultimately, the objective of this project is to quantify a low ammonia emissions trajectory for agriculture and decouple as far as possible ammonia losses from agricultural production.
The objectives of this fellowship are:
1. To assess farmers awareness of ammonia emissions from agriculture and its causes
2. To identify potential barriers to the adoption of measures to reduce ammonia emissions
3. To ascertain what factors influence their decision to implement or not implement specific technologies
4. To identify potential policy levers that might be implemented to facilitate the adoption of measures to reduce ammonia emissions
This fellowship will employ a mixed method approach to explore farmer awareness of ammonia emissions and their attitudes towards potential technologies to abate these emissions. Research methods used will include a farmer survey and farmer focus groups.
The successful candidate will be expected to register with the School of Agriculture and Food Science at University College Dublin for a 4-year Ph.D. degree. The fellowship provides an annual stipend of €22,000 for 4 years. University fees are paid by the student from the stipend. The Fellowship will start as soon as possible after 1st of January 2020.