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BBSRC SWBio DTP Studentship: Predicting the outcome of coinfection using a model of TB in mice


Cardiff School of Biosciences

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Dr J Lello , Dr S Perkins No more applications being accepted Competition Funded PhD Project (Students Worldwide)

About the Project

Most animals, including humans in the developing world, are simultaneously infected by multiple pathogen species, termed coinfection. Coinfecting pathogens often interact with one another and this can affect: i) the number of pathogens within a host, ii) pathogen transmission between hosts, iii) disease severity and iv) the effectiveness of pathogen control measures (e.g. vaccines). Despite their importance, we know little about the consequences of the vast majority of coinfections, as there are so many possible pathogen combinations that could occur in any given host. Our research team has developed a possible mechanism to deal with this complexity, by creating a theoretical framework through which the consequences of a wide range of coinfections might be predicted [1,2]. We have already tested this framework for one coinfection scenario, but for the framework to be useful in a practical context we need to develop it further and test it for a range of pathogen coinfections. This PhD will test our predictive framework using laboratory mice. The effect of coinfection with the core pathogen Mycobacterium manresensis and a wide range of other pathogen species, including helminths, bacteria and viruses will be assessed. With our collaborator’s at Hospital Germans Trias i Pujol in Barcelona, we will first undertake individual pathogen infections, recording the pathogen burdens and host immune response and pathology. We will use these data to develop and parameterise a mathematical model based on our predictive framework and then apply that model to predict the outcome of combined infections of M. manrensis with the other pathogen groups. Finally, we will test and validate our model in a series of coinfection experiments. The project will combine in vivo experiments, immunology and pathology assays with statistical and mathematical modelling, providing the successful candidate with unprecedented level of interdisciplinary training. The project is at the cutting edge of research on coinfection, a rapidly expanding research field. Further, our mouse model of TB mirrors this disease in other animals and humans. TB is a cause of severe economic losses and a significant animal welfare issue within the agricultural industry worldwide. In the UK alone TB management and control cost around £50M per annum. In humans TB is one of the most important infectious diseases killing around 1.5 billion people per year. Overall, therefore, this PhD will provide the student with the skills and knowledge for a wide range of future career choices including both fundamental and applied research.

ELIGIBILITY
Applicants for a studentship must have obtained, or be about to obtain, a First or Upper Second Class UK Honours degree, or the equivalent qualifications gained outside the UK, in an appropriate area of science or technology. Applicants with a Lower Second Class degree will be considered if they also have a Master’s degree or have significant relevant non-academic experience.

In addition, due to the strong mathematical component of the taught course in the first year and the quantitative emphasis in our projects, a minimum of a grade B in A-level Maths or an equivalent qualification or experience is required.

Applicants must ensure they highlight their Maths background within their application and to upload any supporting evidence.

Funding Notes

A fully-funded four year SWBio DTP studentship will cover:
• a stipend* (at the standard UKRI rate; £15,285 per annum for 2020-2021)
• research and training costs
• tuition fees (at the standard UKRI rate)
• additional funds to support fieldwork, conferences and a 3-month placement


References

[1] Lello, J. et al. (2018) Predicting the effects of parasite co-infection across species boundaries. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 285(1874): e20172610. (10.1098/rspb.2017.2610)
[2] Lello, J. and Hussell, T. (2008) Functional group/guild modelling of inter-specific pathogen interactions: A potential tool for predicting the consequences of co-infection. Parasitology 135(7): 825-839. (10.1017/S0031182008000383)
Additional reading:
Risco, D. et al. (2014) Severity of bovine tuberculosis is associated with co-infection with common pathogens in wild boar. PLoS One 9(10): e110123 (10.1371/journal.pone.0110123 )

HOW TO APPLY
This studentship has a start date of October 2021. In order to be considered you must submit a formal application via Cardiff University’s online application service. (To access the application system, click the 'Visit Institution' button on this advert) 
There is a box at the top right of the page labelled ‘Apply’, please ensure you select the correct ‘Qualification’ (Doctor of Philosophy), the correct ‘Mode of Study’ (Full Time) and the correct ‘Start Date’ (October 2021). This will take you to the application portal. 
In order to be considered candidates must submit the following information: 
• Supporting statement 
• CV 
• Qualification certificates 
• Proof of English language (if applicable)
• In the research proposal section of the application, please specify the project title and supervisors of the project and copy the project description in the text box provided. In the funding section, select “I will be applying for a scholarship/grant” and specify advertised funding from BBSRC SWBio DTP. If you are applying for more than one Cardiff University project, please note this in the research proposal section as the form only allows you to enter one title.


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