The proposed start date for this PhD is 1st October 2019, duration 3.5 years long. This project is also open to self funded students (world wide). Applicants should have or expect to achieve at least a 2.1 honours degree or equivalent in Physics or Materials Science. Funding covers tuition fees and annual maintenance payments of at least the Research Council minimum (£14,777 for academic year 2019/20) for eligible UK and EU applicants. EU nationals must have lived in the UK for 3 years prior to the start of the programme to be eligible for a full award (fees and stipend).