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Critical Feminism in Third World Approaches to International Law (TWAIL)

   Birmingham Law School

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  Dr Shaimaa Abdelkarim  Applications accepted all year round  Competition Funded PhD Project (Students Worldwide)

About the Project

Feminist approaches to international law have examined the production of gender norms in international legal regimes. Mainstream and liberal feminist international legal scholarship have exposed gender inequalities within the normative ideals of international law and gender disparities in the everyday work of international legal institutions. Their dialogues remain fixated on western and elitist interlocutors even in their direct engagement with voices from the global majority. Such engagement usually manifest within the stratifying hierarchy between the Global North and the Global South. Critical feminisms within Third World Approaches to International Law (TWAIL) shift the conversations within feminist approaches to the heterogeneity of struggles in the global majority. Feminist mobilisations emerging from the global majority have presented the various contestations within international legal regimes, offering several epistemic ruptures in the conceptualisation of freedom and agency, and negating the ‘agentless’ zone. While we have a plethora of scholarship on the limitations of liberal feminism, there is a lot of work to be done in order to directly engage with the contributions of feminist movements from the global majority in relation to the production of international legal knowledge.

Applications are sought for candidates to undertake work in this broad area of critical feminist approaches in TWAIL. This includes: subjectivity and agency in critical human rights; alternative practices of freedom; indigeneity and struggle for land; anti-carceral feminism and abolition.

Person Requirements

Applicants for a PhD will typically hold a Masters qualification at Merit level or above in law (or a subject related to the proposed area of research) or its international equivalent. Any academic and professional qualifications or relevant professional experience you may have will also taken into account.

For those intending to apply for funding, we require either a first class (or equivalent grade) at undergraduate or a distinction (or equivalent grade) at masters level. Most successful applicants will have both.

How to apply



More information and contact details are available here.

We support funding applications via the UKRI, funding both doctrinal/theoretical/historical projects and socio-legal projects (available for both home and international applicants). For more general information on funding, including alternative sources, see here. Funding application deadlines for the two major funding streams are in January each year, so we encourage applicants to be in contact well ahead of this to discuss and refine your potential application.

Law (22)

Funding Notes

Any questions, contact Professor John Child (BLS) [Email Address Removed].

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