During the evolution of Homo several major changes have occurred in masticatory form including a reduction in facial prognathism and a reduction in dental size. These changes are often associated with changes in diet and our material culture, however the extent to which these anatomical changes relate to our food processing capabilities is not fully understood.
Using a combination of a multibody dynamic modelling, which can predict bite force and gape, and physical materials testing, using dental replicas to investigate food breakdown, this project will investigate the functional significance of these morphological changes and the impact they had on our food processing capabilities. Virtual models of humans and fossil hominins will be created from CT scans, warped to create hypothetical models and functional simulations carried out to test various form function hypotheses. The mechanical properties of different foods including raw vs. cooked and processed vs. unprocessed will be gathered and the ability for different morphologies to process them established.
The project is best suited to candidates with a background in comparative or human anatomy and evolution and with skills in aspects of biomechanics, mechanical engineering and virtual anthropology. Applications are encouraged from such candidates, or from candidates with a background in related fields. Training in the necessary background and techniques will be provided as necessary.
Principal supervisor: Dr Laura Fitton (Hull York Medical School, University of York)
Supervisory Team and Environment
This project will be carried out at the University of York, based in the PalaeoHub, a new facility that brings together members of HYMS and the Archaeology department with interests in prehistory, anatomy and artefacts, and whose focus of research relates to how our interactions with each other and the environment have led to cultural and physical transformations over time.
This is a Graduate Teaching Assistant (GTA) position and, in addition to research, the successful candidate will be expected to contribute up to 250 hours per annum of teaching support.
Start Date - 1st October 2019
Qualifications and Skills Required
The successful candidate will be expected to hold a first class honours degree or an upper second in a relevant subject area and, ideally, a Master’s degree in a relevant topic with honours or distinction. As part of your application you will need to submit a CV, and a personal statement outlining your career to date, career intentions as well as detailing your experience, skills and knowledge relevant to this position (up to 1000 words). Some experience in the delivery of academic or practical content to small groups would be preferred. You should have excellent written and oral communication skills, be able to work well independently and be highly motivated to undertake PhD research.
How to Apply
All applications MUST BE submitted to the HYMS Postgraduate Centre via the online application method. Please select ‘PhD in Human Sciences’ with a start date of ‘2019 October, full-time’: https://www.york.ac.uk/study/postgraduate/courses/apply?course=DRPHUMSHUM3&level=postgraduate
The deadline for applications is Monday 4th February 2019 at 23h59.
Please quote “HYMS – Dental and facial reduction during human evolution and its impact on food processing” when applying. In order for the panel to get a sense of your academic background, commitment and interest, you are required to complete the application form in full and provide a research proposal/outline of academic interest. Research proposals and personal statements may be used in selecting applicants for interview. If you have any queries on how to apply please email [email protected]
Please note that this is a student scholarship. If you will be employed by HYMS (e.g. on a fixed or short term contract) for the duration of your study, you will not be eligible to receive the student scholarship as a member of HYMS staff. You should contact [email protected]
if you still wish to apply to discuss different options.
For further details on the supervisory team, environment and teaching duties, visit https://www.hyms.ac.uk/postgraduate-research-degrees/funded-postgraduate-research-opportunities