Determination of community pharmacists' patient safety approach using the theory of planned behaviour: a mixed-method study


   Faculty of Life and Health Sciences

  Dr Kingston Rajiah, Dr Sara Lorimer, Dr Heather Coleman  Monday, February 26, 2024  Competition Funded PhD Project (Students Worldwide)

About the Project

Community pharmacists are like healthcare gatekeepers for people's medications. They make sure the medicines people get are safe and will work properly for them. However, in January 2023, the General Pharmaceutical Council found that sometimes pharmacists don't do a good enough job checking everything, like the safety of the medicine, and paperwork, and making sure their staff is well-trained. This can be risky for patients. So, we need to figure out why pharmacists act this way and try to make them do better to keep people safe.

To do this, we're going to use a theory called the Theory of Planned Behaviour. This theory helps us understand why people do what they do. For pharmacists, it will help us understand why they may not always ensure patient safety. We will look at their thoughts and feelings about safety, what they think society expects, and how confident they are in doing a good job.

In this study, we'll ask pharmacists questions and also have in-depth conversations with them to learn more. By doing this, we hope to find out why some pharmacists don't always ensure people's safety and find ways to make them better at it.

Important Information: Applications for more than one PhD studentship are welcome, however if you apply for more than one PhD project within Biomedical Sciences, your first application on the system will be deemed your first-choice preference and further applications will be ordered based on the sequential time of submission. If you are successfully shortlisted, you will be interviewed only on your first-choice application and ranked accordingly. Those ranked highest will be offered a PhD studentship. In the situation where you are ranked highly and your first-choice project is already allocated to someone who was ranked higher than you, you may be offered your 2nd or 3rd choice project depending on the availability of this project.

Medicine (26)

References

1.Elgebli, A., Hall, J. and Phipps, D.L. (2023) ‘Clinical checking in practice: Qualitative perspectives from Community Pharmacists’, International Journal of Pharmacy Practice, 31(5), pp. 504–511. doi:10.1093/ijpp/riad056.
2.General Pharmaceutical Council: Patient safety Spotlight: Managing the risks associated with providing community pharmacy clinical services (2023) Patient Safety Spotlight: managing the risks associated with providing community pharmacy clinical services | General Pharmaceutical Council. Available at: https://www.pharmacyregulation.org/regulate/article/patient-safety-spotlight-managing-risks-associated-providing-community-pharmacy#:~:text=Inspectors%20have%20identified%20situations%20where,to%20community%20pharmacy%20clinical%20services. (Accessed: 24 October 2023).
3.Russo, D.A. et al. (2015) ‘Use of the theory of planned behaviour to assess factors influencing the identification of students at clinical high-risk for psychosis in 16+ education’, BMC Health Services Research, 15(1). doi:10.1186/s12913-015-1074-y.
4.Asare, M. (2020) ‘Using the theory of planned behavior to determine the condom use behavior among college students’, American Journal of Health Studies, 30(1). doi:10.47779/ajhs.2015.168.
5.Schwappach, D.L. (2009) ‘Review: Engaging patients as vigilant partners in safety’, Medical Care Research and Review, 67(2), pp. 119–148. doi:10.1177/1077558709342254.
6.Rajiah, K. et al. (2021) ‘Determination of pharmacy students’ patient safety approach using the theory of planned behaviour: A mixed-method study’, BMJ Open, 11(12). doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2021-050512.