About the Project
Realistic physical models, or phantoms, of the human bladder are essential for testing new medical devices and techniques before clinical trials, and to reduce the need for animals in device development (3Rs). Current bladder phantoms do not take into account the complex material properties of the bladder or include the flow of urine into the bladder.
This project will utilise computer aided design and computational modelling to create a design of phantom that has the required geometry, required material properties and allows for flow of urine. Dynamic mechanical Analysis will be used to test candidate polymer and hydrogel materials to ensure they match the viscoelastic properties of the bladder and tumour. Manufacture of the phantom will likely be a hybrid approach where some parts are 3D printed whereby it is possible to create new materials that are functionally graded, with the addition of parts, such as the tumour, that are manufactured by hand.