University of Hong Kong Featured PhD Programmes
University of Leeds Featured PhD Programmes
University of Nottingham Featured PhD Programmes

Development of image analysis methods and software to study musculoskeletal diseases using artificial intelligence (AI)

Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health

This project is no longer listed on and may not be available.

Click here to search for PhD studentship opportunities
Dr Claudia Lindner , Prof T Cootes Applications accepted all year round Self-Funded PhD Students Only

About the Project

Musculoskeletal (MSK) diseases affect an increasing number of the population globally. In the UK, on average 3 in 10 people are affected, which increases to 1 in 2 in the age group 65+. MSK diseases are a major cost to healthcare systems world-wide. Large numbers of medical images are collected daily as part of clinical practice as well as by population-based studies (e.g. UK Biobank). Currently, medical images are often underutilised in clinical practise and research into musculoskeletal diseases. To effectively use the bone shape information provided by the images, the image information needs to be quantified. Traditionally, a small set of lengths and angles served this purpose, discarding potentially useful shape information.

This project builds on the team’s extensive experience in the field of quantifying bone shape using Statistical Shape Models (SSMs). The student will explore advanced machine learning and neural network techniques to locate and measure bones in medical images. The result will be an automated software pipeline for both obtaining geometric measurements of bones and quantifying bone shape using SSMs. This may lead to the identification of novel MSK biomarkers.

The student will join a well-established research group, and will gain extensive experience of working in an interdisciplinary team. They will learn about state-of-the-art machine vision algorithm development for clinical imaging problems. The student will be placed in the translational space, and will have the opportunity to learn more about the pathway of progressing research towards impact in clinical practice.

Training/techniques to be provided:
The supervisors will enable the student to receive training in computer vision and machine learning techniques as well as in quantitative data analysis. Transferable skills training will be provided by the dedicated researcher development team of the host faculty. A researcher development framework is in place to help the student decide what training they need at each stage of their research journey.

Entry Requirements:
Applicants are expected to hold, or about to obtain, a minimum upper second class undergraduate degree (or equivalent) in a scientific subject such as Physics, Engineering, Mathematics, Computer Science or equivalent. A Master’s degree in a relevant subject and/or experience in computer vision or machine learning is desirable.

For international students we also offer a unique 4 year PhD programme that gives you the opportunity to undertake an accredited Teaching Certificate whilst carrying out an independent research project across a range of biological, medical and health sciences. For more information please visit

Funding Notes

Applications are invited from self-funded students. This project has a Band 0/ Standard fee. Details of our different fee bands can be found on our website ( For information on how to apply for this project, please visit the Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health Doctoral Academy website (

As an equal opportunities institution we welcome applicants from all sections of the community regardless of gender, ethnicity, disability, sexual orientation and transgender status. All appointments are made on merit.


W.P. Gielis, H. Weinans, P.M. Welsing, W.E. van Spil, R. Agricola, T.F. Cootes, P.A. de Jong, C. Lindner. An artificial intelligence workflow based on hip shape improves personalized risk prediction for hip osteoarthritis in the CHECK study. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage. Accepted September 2019. In press.
A.K. Davison, C. Lindner, D.C. Perry, W. Luo, Medical Student Annotation Collaborative and T.F. Cootes. Landmark Localisation in Radiographs Using Weighted Heatmap Displacement Voting. Proceedings of the 6th MICCAI Workshop on Computational Methods and Clinical Applications in Musculoskeletal Imaging (MSKI 2018), Granada, Spain. Springer LNCS 11404, pages 73-85, 2018.
A.K. Davison, T.F. Cootes, D.C. Perry, W. Luo, Medical Student Annotation Collaborative and C. Lindner. Perthes Disease Classification Using Shape and Appearance Modelling. Proceedings of the 6th MICCAI Workshop on Computational Methods and Clinical Applications in Musculoskeletal Imaging (MSKI 2018), Granada, Spain. Springer LNCS 11404, pages 86-98, 2018.
C. Lindner, P.A. Bromiley, M.C. Ionita and T.F. Cootes. Robust and Accurate Shape Model Matching using Random Forest Regression Voting. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence 37(9) p. 1862-1874, 2015.
C. Lindner, S. Thiagarajah, J.M. Wilkinson, arcOGEN Consortium, G.A. Wallis and T.F. Cootes. Fully Automatic Segmentation of the Proximal Femur using Random Forest Regression Voting. IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging, Vol. 32, No. 8, pages 1462-1472, 2013.
Search Suggestions

Search Suggestions

Based on your current searches we recommend the following search filters.

FindAPhD. Copyright 2005-2020
All rights reserved.