FindAPhD Weekly PhD Newsletter | JOIN NOW FindAPhD Weekly PhD Newsletter | JOIN NOW

Development of instrumentation for dynamic tissue monitoring during robotic surgery. (EPS2022/27)

   School of Engineering & Physical Sciences

This project is no longer listed on and may not be available.

Click here to search for PhD studentship opportunities
  Dr W N MacPherson, Dr Yuhang Chen, Prof D P Hand, Prof RL Reuben  No more applications being accepted  Competition Funded PhD Project (Students Worldwide)

About the Project

We offer a 3 or 3.5 years fully-funded PhD position for a highly motivated candidate with strong interest in scientific research and applying knowledge in Engineering and Physical Sciences to bioengineering and biomedical fields.

The growing application of micro-mechanics brought about by advanced manufacturing techniques has raised the possibility of sensing and actuation at a microscale. There is huge scope and opportunity for precision control of displacement and/or force in biomedical and surgical applications, including neuro/cardiovascular surgery, deep tissue sampling and micro-robotic manipulation. To empower the manufacturing processes with the capability of actuator and mechanism design, structural design and optimisation methods are pivotal to achieving non-intuitive designs or those with highly complex geometric and manufacturing constraints.

This PhD project will explore the prospect for additional sensing modality for robotic surgery probes. It is envisaged that this will explore the use of fibre optics in the sensing of deformable, internal bio-structures or other material interface. For example, a moving object or a 'beating' internal body part, or tissue that is being deformed during investigation or surgery. This has the prospect of sensing the dynamic behaviour of the region under investigation and use that information to provide additional insight to clinicians regarding the region of interest. This research is likely to involve fibre system development and novel senor head fabrication which could include novel laser-based manufacturing such as subtractive and additive manufacturing.

The PhD research will be carried out, jointly, between the Applied Optics and Photonics Group ( and the Tissue Mechanics Group ( The PhD candidate will work with a highly multidisciplinary group of researchers with a range of complementary expertise and lab facilities, to develop academic research skills as well as those for personal and career development, and will have opportunities to be involved in broader research context in medical device design and manufacturing, e.g. MDMC ( The PhD work will be associated with a newly-funded £1.25M EPSRC grant awarded to the supervisory team (''Mechanically-intelligent'' Intra-operative Tissue Assessment for Robot-Assisted Surgery (MIRAS)) and the candidate will have opportunity to interact and collaborate with the industrial and clinical advisors on the project and through the network of research groups.


All applicants should have or expect to have a 1st class undergraduate degree (at MEng or MPhys level or equivalent) in mechanical engineering, biomedical engineering, applied physics or other related disciplines. The ideal candidate should be highly-motivated and have good written and oral communication skills as well as genuine interest in research and publishing your work. Previous experience, e.g. through a relevant undergraduate project, in optical sensing, material processing or microfabrication, is desired but not essential. The project will require both individual and group work therefore effective operation in both environments is highly desired.

How to apply:

Formal applications must be made through the Heriot-Watt on-line application system: You will need to select ‘Edinburgh’ and ‘Postgraduate Research’ in ‘Physics’ and insert the primary supervisor’s name in the project details. This information will help us in receiving your application.

Funding Notes

Funding is available for UK or EU students who have settled or pre-settled status in the UK, and may also be available for international students. Successful candidate will be offered a 3 or 3.5 years fully-funded PhD scholarship. The expected start date will be in summer or autumn 2022.
Search Suggestions
Search suggestions

Based on your current searches we recommend the following search filters.

PhD saved successfully
View saved PhDs