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Digital Deployment of Multiple Assessment Measures During Longitudinal Studies of Nature Connectedness and Well-Being

   School of Health Sciences

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  Prof T Croudace, Dr A Barrable  No more applications being accepted  Self-Funded PhD Students Only

About the Project

Nature connectedness, the construct that captures the positive relationship between humans and the rest of nature, has been associated with wellbeing and ecological behaviours. A host of Nature-Based Interventions (NBIs) are now used to support mental health and wellbeing, as well as to promote pro-environmental attitudes and behaviours. Measuring changes in nature connectedness, as well as wellbeing is crucial when undertaking assessment of NBIs, and one of the ways to facilitate it would be through the deployment of digital measures. This PhD project will aim to explore the use of deploying multiple assessment measures digitally in order to measure nature connectedness and wellbeing in longitudinal NBIs.

For informal enquiries about the project, contact Professor Timothy Croudace ([Email Address Removed])

For general enquiries about the University of Dundee, contact [Email Address Removed]

Our research community thrives on the diversity of students and staff which helps to make the University of Dundee a UK university of choice for postgraduate research. We welcome applications from all talented individuals and are committed to widening access to those who have the ability and potential to benefit from higher education.


Applicants must have obtained, or expect to obtain, a first or 2.1 UK honours degree, or equivalent for degrees obtained outside the UK in a relevant discipline.

English language requirement: IELTS (Academic) score must be at least 6.5 (with not less than 5.5 in each of the four components). Other, equivalent qualifications will be accepted. Full details of the University’s English language requirements are available online:


Step 1: Email Professor Timothy Croudace ([Email Address Removed]) to (1) send a copy of your CV and (2) discuss your potential application and any practicalities (e.g. suitable start date).

Step 2: After discussion with Professor Croudace, formal applications can be made via our direct application system. When applying, please follow the instructions below:

Apply for the Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) degree in Nursing and Health Sciences: Nursing and Health Sciences : Study : University of Dundee

Please select the study mode (full-time/part-time) and start date agreed with the lead supervisor.

In the Research Proposal section, please:

-       Enter the lead supervisor’s name in the ‘proposed supervisor’ box

-       Enter the project title listed at the top of this page in the ‘proposed project title’ box

In the ‘personal statement’ section, please outline your suitability for the project selected.

Funding Notes

There is no funding attached to this project. The successful applicant will be expected to provide the funding for tuition fees and living expenses, via external sponsorship or self-funding.


McEwan, K.; Richardson, M.; Sheffield, D.; Ferguson, F.J.; Brindley, P. A Smartphone App for Improving Mental Health through Connecting with Urban Nature. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 3373. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph16183373

Keetharuth, A. D., Bjorner, J. B., Barkham, M., Browne, J., Croudace, T., & Brazier, J. E. (2019). Exploring the item-sets of the Recovering Quality of Life (ReQoL) measures using factor analysis. Quality of Life Research, 28(4), 1005-1015.

Keetharuth, A., Brazier, J., Connell, J., Bjorner, J., Carlton, J., Taylor Buck, E., Ricketts,T. , McKendrick, K. , Browne, J. , Croudace,T. , Barkham, M. (2018). Recovering Quality of Life (ReQoL): A new generic self-reported outcome measure for use with people experiencing mental health difficulties. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 212(1), 42-49. doi:10.1192/bjp.2017.10

Boehnke, J., & Croudace, T. J. (2016). Calibrating well-being, quality of life and common mental disorder items: psychometric epidemiology in public mental health research. British Journal of Psychiatry, 209(2), 162-168.

Stochl, J., Boehnke, J., Pickett, K. E., & Croudace, T. J. (2016). An evaluation of computerized adaptive testing for general psychological distress: combining GHQ-12 and Affectometer-2 in an item bank for public mental health research. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 16, 1-15. [58].
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