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Earth and Environment from Fiber Optic and Seismic Wave Analyses


Project Description

Project Rationale:
Much of our direct imaging and understanding of Earth’s subsurface comes from data collected by relatively sparse deployments of seismometers. The same is true for our understanding of Earth’s oceans which are monitored with sparse oceanographic instrumentation. Recently, fiber optic cables have been used to record ground motions related to a variety of sources including earthquakes, man-made sources, ocean waves, and more. These cables have enormous potential to increase and enhance imaging and understanding of the Earth and the oceans given that they record on long time scales and be deployed over vast swaths of the earth. However, much of the potential has yet to be fully investigated and realized. Here we will use their potential in a wide variety of disciplines to solve some of the outstanding and fundamental challenges and questions in earth science across a range of disciplines including but not limited to ocean wave propagation, earthquake source investigations, and the interior structure of the Earth including the crust and the mantle, and potentially deeper. There are broad implications for plate tectonic theory, climate, and hazard.

Funding Notes

You can apply for fully-funded studentships (stipend and fees) from INSPIRE if you:
Are a UK or EU national.
Have no restrictions on how long you can stay in the UK.
Have been 'ordinarily resident' in the UK for 3 years prior to the start of the project.

Please click View Website for more information on eligibilty and how to apply

References

Lindsey et al.(2017) Fiber-Optic Network Observations of Earthquake Wavefields. Geophysical Research Letters, 44, 11,792–11,799. doi.org/10.1002/2017GL075722
Marra et al. (2018) Ultrastable laser interferometry for earthquake detection with terrestrial and submarine cables. Science 361, 486–490.
Masoudi et al. (2019) Subsea Cable Condition Monitoring with Distributed Optical Fiber Vibration Sensor. Journal of Lightwave Technology, 37, 1352-1358.

How good is research at University of Southampton in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences?

FTE Category A staff submitted: 68.62

Research output data provided by the Research Excellence Framework (REF)

Click here to see the results for all UK universities

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