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EASTBIO The RNA-bound proteome

  • Full or part time
    Prof D Tollervey
  • Application Deadline
    Sunday, January 05, 2020
  • Competition Funded PhD Project (Students Worldwide)
    Competition Funded PhD Project (Students Worldwide)

Project Description

Second Supervisor: Angus Lamond University of Dundee

Functional interactions between RNAs and proteins underpin gene expression and defects in RNA-protein interactions form the basis of numerous human diseases. RNA binding proteins have important functions at all steps in gene expression, including transcription, RNA processing, nuclear export and mRNA translation, as well as in viral defence mechanisms.

David Tollervey is an expert in RNA biology and his group recently developed the approach of total RNA-associated protein purification (TRAPP) (ref. 1). This is based on in vivo UV crosslinking of protein-RNA complexes and denaturing purification, combined with quantitation using SILAC metabolic labelling. TRAPP allows the rapid, proteome-wide identification of RNA-binding proteins and quantitation of changes under conditions of nutrient shift, stress or developmental progression. This technique relies on tandem MS-MS to generate fragments similar to the identification of other sites of protein modification. The related iTRAPP technique allows the mapping of precise sites of protein-RNA interaction with amino acid resolution. Significantly, iTRAPP can be used to characterise RNA-protein interactions within intrinsically disordered regions, which important features of many RNA-binding proteins but largely intractable for conventional structural analyses (see ref. 2).

Angus Lamond is world leader in quantitative proteomics and his group has developed important mass spectrometry techniques to characterise the dynamics of alterations in the proteome (ref. ??).

The project aims to apply these approaches to follow changes in RNA-protein interactions during biologically important transitions. To further develop kinetic analyses, we are initially following stress responses in yeast. Our recent work identified nuclear RNA degradation as an actively regulated step in gene expression. We anticipate that changes in nuclear RNA degradation pathways will play important roles in other situations that require large scale reprogramming of gene expression, such as developmental steps in metazoans. Interactome changes and the signalling pathways involved will be identified using TRAPP. Specific changes in the RNA interactions of proteins identified as being of likely functional importance will be characterised by crosslinking and RNA sequencing (see ref. 2). This will also be pursued during the PhD project.

Subsequently, the student will apply the insights gained from analyses yeast to studies using human cells. Defects in RNA-binding proteins underpin a large number of genetic diseases, but in most cases the links between the specific molecular defect and the systemic effects in affected cells remain unclear. This will be addressed using TRAPP, with particular emphasis on changes that occur during differentiation in a model system for neuronal development.

Work involved: The student will further develop and apply, techniques for the characterisation and quantitation of changes in RNA-protein interactions, and analyse the resulting proteomic and sequence data. During this project the student will acquire expertise in a wide range of cutting-edge techniques.




Funding Notes

The “Visit Website” button will take you to our Online Application checklist. Complete each step and download the checklist which will provide a list of funding options and guide you through the application process. Follow the instructions on the EASTBIO website (you will be directed here from our application checklist), ensuring you upload an EASTBIO application form and transcripts to your application, and ticking the box to request references. Your referees should upload their references using the EASTBIO reference form, in time for the 5th January deadline so please give them plenty of time to do this by applying early.

References

1) Shchepachev, V., Bresson, S., Spanos, C., Petfalski, P., Fischer, L., Rappsilber, J. and Tollervey, D. (2019) Defining the RNA Interactome by Total RNA-Associated Protein Purification. Mol. Sys. Biol. 15, e8689. PMCID: PMC6452921

2) Winz, M.-L., Peil, L., Turowski, T.W., Rappsilber, J. and Tollervey, D. (2019) Molecular interactions between Hel2 and RNA supporting ribosome-associated quality control. Nature Comm. 10.1038/s41467-019-08382-z. PMCID: PMC6362110

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FTE Category A staff submitted: 109.70

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