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Enable the Second-life Usage of EV Batteries in Renewable Power Systems Under A Novel Hybrid Energy Storage Scheme

Institute for Future Transport and Cities

About the Project

Coventry University (CU) is inviting applications from suitably-qualified graduates for a fully-funded PhD studentship. This is an exciting opportunity in cutting-edge research of second-life usage of EV batteries.

This project is funded by Trailblazers, the Early-Career Researcher and Doctoral Studentship Partnering Scheme, including tuition fees and stipend. Candidates can be UK/EU or international.

Details of the PhD project

As the UK moves towards transportation electrification, an emerging challenge is how to deal with potentially millions of retired batteries (RBs) from electric vehicles. In addition, the growing trend of renewable energy usage and transportation electrification has created markets (200GWh by 2030*) for energy storages due to the former and second-life batteries as a result of the latter. Re-use these batteries for grid services is drawing extensive attention from both industry and academia. Most of previous works focus on how to refurnish the battery unit and use it as stationary storage. However, the low power capacity and the inconsistency are the nature of the RBs, and they are still the main barriers preventing battery repurposing as reliable second-life-packs connected to the grid. To solve these problems, this project, will investigate a hybrid scheme, scaling up the RB cells to high-power hybrid packs, thereby enabling a reliable second-life application of RBs to the renewable grid. This twofold-benefits provide a solution to the UK’s ambitious target of reducing greenhouse gas-emissions and offer the new commercial markets as results of extending the battery lifetime usage, attracting a broad spectrum of industries.

Training and Development

The successful candidate will receive comprehensive research training including technical, personal and professional skills.
All researchers at Coventry University (from PhD to Professor) are part of the Doctoral College and Centre for Research Capability and Development, which provides support with high-quality training and career development activities. Student will have an exciting opportunity to acquire energy storage skills in both software and hardware operation, to acquire research and development experience in both research institute and industry.

Entry criteria for applicants to PhD

• A minimum of a 2:1 first degree in a relevant discipline/subject area with a minimum 60% mark in the project element or equivalent with a minimum 60% overall module average. PLUS the potential to engage in innovative research and to complete the PhD within a 3.5 years
• a minimum of English language proficiency (IELTS overall minimum score of 7 with a minimum of 6.5 in each component)


UK/EU/International graduates with the required entry requirements


Full-time – between three and three and a half years fixed term

For further details see:

How to apply

To find out more about the project please contact Dr Li

To apply on line please visit:

All applications require full supporting documentation, and a covering letter – plus one of the following

For pre-determined (named) projects a 2000-word supporting statement is required showing how the applicant’s expertise and interests are relevant to the project.

Funding Notes

This project is funded by Trailblazers, the Early-Career Researcher and Doctoral Studentship Partnering Scheme, including tuition fees and stipend.

This is a fully-funded studentship including full tuition fees (UK/EU/International) plus stipend (based upon the applicable UKRI rate at the point of the award) and additional allowances.

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