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Full-time: 3 years
Part-time: 6 years
Start date: July 2022
When people get hit or hit things, including locomotion, the transient forces involved are normally high and produce mechanical shocks when compared to active muscularly directed human motion. As well as changes in surface shape and inertial properties of limbs this also leads to energy being passively dissipated in the soft tissues. These soft tissue deformations are not well documented but have applications in areas such as computer graphics, biomechanical and physiological performance, and the fundamental responses of biological tissue to impact. Energy loss may act to help damp the whole locomotor system but for constant velocity locomotion, the energy lost passively would have to be made up from muscular work and thus increased metabolic energy consumption. This energy loss may have an affect on things such as running economy or in accurately relating mechanical work to metabolic work in computer models of locomotion.
This project aims to characterise the tissue motion of the lower limb using lumped mass-spring-damper systems and wave mechanics during impacts with the floor to determine soft tissue energy dissipation. Soft tissue motion will be measured using arrays of reflective markers and a Vicon motion analysis system under various locomotion conditions with techniques and software developed over the last decade within the biomechanics group at Loughborough University. Alongside this, other measurements such as anthropometrics and tissue distributions, medical imaging, gas exchange for metabolic energy and ground reaction forces will be collected. Analysis of data will be carried out in Matlab and some computer simulation modelling could be involved.
This project would suit those with a very strong background in biomechanics, or those from engineering, maths, physics, backgrounds who have an interest in applying fundamental methods to human movement.
Primary supervisor: Dr Matthew Pain
Secondary supervisor: Dr Sam Allen
Our entry requirements are listed using standard UK undergraduate degree classifications i.e. first-class honours, upper second-class honours and lower second-class honours.
Entry requirements for United Kingdom
2.1 or equivalent Bachelors degree
English language requirements
Applicants must meet the minimum English language requirements. Further details are available on the International website.
Find out more about research degree funding
HOW TO APPLY
All applications should be made online. Under programme name, select 'Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences'. Please quote the advertised reference number SSEHS/MTGP in your application. To avoid delays in processing your application please ensure that you submit the minimum supporting documents.