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FindA University Ltd Featured PhD Programmes
FindA University Ltd Featured PhD Programmes

Finite Element Modelling of Tissue-Implant Interaction in Mitraclip Therapy


Wolfson School of Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering

About the Project

The mitral valve (MV) is a complex structure regulating forward flow of blood between the left atrium (LA) and left ventricle (LV) of human heart. It has multiple components and complex internal interactions. Multiple disease processes can affect its proper function, for instance, mitral regurgitation (MR). Recently, Mitraclip implantation is widely used as an approach, alternative to conventional open-chest surgery, to treat mitral valve regurgitation in high-risk patients. However, the clip implantation may induce some other problems due to the changed MV biomechanics. So it is important to understand the biomechanical behaviour of MV after mitraclip implantation, such as deformation and stress distribution on the leaflets in MV, for which the research is very limited according to literature. In this project, finite element method will be used to simulate the mechanical deformation and stress distribution of MV. The results will be used for the development of mitraclip.

The candidate will join the vibrant Mechanics of Advanced Materials research group at Loughborough University. Material behaviour of mitral valve leaflets will be collected from literature and used as input for finite element simulations. In addition, fluid-solid interaction will be modelled to evaluate the MR after clip implantation. Simulation results will be compared with in-vitro experimental results in literature. The research outcome will serve as a driving force to boost the development of advanced therapies for heart valve diseases, especially for vulnerable patients such as ageing populations.

Loughborough University

Loughborough University is a top-ten rated university in England for research intensity (REF2014) and an outstanding 66% of the work of Loughborough’s academic staff who were eligible to be submitted to the REF was judged as ‘world-leading’ or ‘internationally excellent’, compared to a national average figure of 43%.

In choosing Loughborough for your research, you’ll work alongside academics who are leaders in their field. You will benefit from comprehensive support and guidance from our Doctoral College, including tailored careers advice, to help you succeed in your research and future career.

Find out more

For further project details email Liguo Zhao: or register your interest and ask us a question.

Find out more about the MoAM Research Group here: https://www.moamrg.co.uk/

Entry requirements

Applicants should have, or expect to achieve, at least a 2:1 honours degree (or equivalent international qualification) in mechanical engineering, biomechanical engineering, solid mechanics, applied mathematics, physics or a related subject.

A relevant master’s degree and/or experience in one or more of the following will be an advantage: mechanical engineering, biomechanical engineering, solid mechanics, applied mathematics and/or physics.

English language requirements

Applicants must meet the minimum English language requirements. Further details are available on the international website: https://www.lboro.ac.uk/international/apply/english-language-requirements/

How to apply

All applications should be made online: https://www.lboro.ac.uk/study/postgraduate/apply/ Under school/department name, select 'Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering'. Please quote reference LG2UF2018.

The deadline for applications is 01 May 2021.

Funding Notes

This is an open call for candidates who are sponsored or who have their own funding. If you do not have funding, you may still apply, however Institutional funding is not guaranteed. Outstanding candidates (UK/EU/International) without funding will be considered for funding opportunities which may become available in the School.


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