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Fully funded PhD Studentship: Human-centred control of low carbon heating: understanding user needs

   UCL Energy Institute

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  Ms M Shipworth, Dr C Elwell  No more applications being accepted  Funded PhD Project (European/UK Students Only)

About the Project

PassivSystems ( provide a software platform for renewable asset management and for grid flexibility for domestic homes. They are at the forefront of research and early deployment of services offering flexibility while delivering increased comfort and convenience to the consumer.

To help meet our commitments to radically reducing our greenhouse gas emissions, the UK is committed to decarbonising heating. However, this is likely to increase strains on the energy network. To reduce these strains, heating needs to be more flexibly provided, including shifting or reducing heating demand. However, humans driving technology drive heating demand. Consequently, this is a socio-technical challenge and requires interdisciplinary insights.

Most Home Heating Controls are designed for technology; they require humans to communicate with them in technological terms - temperature, time and occasionally space. Although the purpose of this technology is to provide comfort to the occupants, we know very little about what thermal comfort means to householders, what sensations and preferences matter to them, the scope for gauging these subjectively and objectively, whether these can be communicated to heating controls, and whether they can be translated into heating system actions and/or communications with householders. This PhD will establish the groundwork for Human-centred Comfort Controls, designed for householders in relevant terms that are meaningful to them.

PhD project aims
The PhD research should build towards outputs that are actionable by the industry sponsor: What do householders want their heating system to do to meet their various needs? What are householder preferences for how their controls mediate between their needs and the constraints of the energy network? What forms of communication and dynamic feedback will enable householders to understand the actions taken by their heating controls and build trust that those actions correspond with their needs and preferences?
The research journey to these actionable outputs includes a depth investigation of the meaning(s) of thermal comfort to householders in the context of everyday home life, and how these meanings relate to key physical environmental variables, such as temperature, airflow rate and humidity in different spaces and at different times.

The student will explore the range of strategies householders use to manage their thermal comfort while engaged in other practices, including their engagement with heating controls. This will include an exploration of how the householder wants their heating controls to mediate between their thermal comfort preferences and the need to operate heating systems flexibly, supporting operation of a future low carbon energy system.

The research will explore how communications about and with the heating system are situated within everyday household practices and the modes, content and styles of communication compatible with these.

Person specification
This is an interdisciplinary project; applicants with first degrees in social, natural or applied sciences are welcome. The successful candidate will be keen to develop a strong understanding of both the social and physical factors affecting thermal comfort. Applicants should have some ability to analyse physical phenomena combined with the capacity to engage with and apply social science theories that challenge standard definitions of thermal comfort.
Applicants should meet the EPSRC eligibility criteria:

How to apply
The start date is September 2019.
Please submit a pre-application by email to the UCL ERBE Centre Manager: [Email Address Removed]
The application should include the following:
• A covering letter clearly stating your motivation, and stating your understanding of eligibility according to these guidelines:
• CV
• Names and addresses of two academic referees
• A copy of your degree certificate(s) and transcript(s) of degree(s),
Pre-application deadline: 28th May 12:00 noon (UK time)
Interview date: tbc

Following the interview, the successful candidate will be invited to make a formal application to the UCL Research Degree programme. For further details about the admission process, please contact: [Email Address Removed] .
For any further details regarding the project, contact Michelle Shipworth on [Email Address Removed]

This PhD is the same as "Climate change mitigation through low carbon heating: user needs for control and communication" – please see details on:

You will be undertaking this project in UCL at the main (Bloomsbury) campus as part of the new EPSRC-SFI Centre for Doctoral Training in Energy Resilience and the Built Environment (ERBE CDT). This is a collaboration between UCL, Loughborough University and Marine and Renewable Energy Ireland (MaREI). For more information, please see

Funding Notes

The studentship will cover UK/EU course fees and an enhanced tax-free stipend of approx. £18,000 per year for 4 years along with a substantial budget for research, travel, and centre activities. Applicants should meet the EPSRC eligibility criteria. The start date is September 2019.
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