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Gas-solid processes for decarbonised steel industry


Project Description

Advanced energy and chemical plants require new reactors and processes designed to combine high efficiency, attractive economics and reduced pollutant emissions. A possible solution to intensify the process is the combination of reaction and separation in a single unit operation. A gas-solid reactor consists of a bed filled with particles which react if exposed in a certain environment and afterward they are regenerated. Several very promising processes proposed for near-zero emission from industry such as chemical looping and calcium looping technologies are based on gas solid reactions. Most of these processes occur at high temperature and pressure, and often combine exothermic and endothermic reactions so that the proper integration will become essential to achieve high efficiency with near-zero emissions.
The PhD will cooperate with the team currently involved in the BREIN-STORM project (Boosting Reduction of Energy Intensity in cleaN STeelworks platfORM). The key objective of this project is the development of a new process integrating calcium looping (CaL) and chemical looping combustion (CLC) with the aim of reducing the energy demand, carbon footprint and other life cycle environmental impacts as well as costs in the steel sector. This recent EPSRC project includes the University of Cambridge, University of Leeds and it is made in partnership with British Steel, Tata Steel and the Instituto National del Carbon (CSIC, Spanish Research Council).
Applicants are invited for a PhD Studentship under the supervision of Dr. Vincenzo Spallina and Prof. Adisa Azapagic in the School of Chemical Engineering and Analytical Science of the University of Manchester in cooperation with Steel Industry such as British Steel and Tata Steel. The aim of this project will be devoted to carry out to assess the techno-economic and environmental performance of the considered technology by integrating the major products (H2, CO2, electricity) to produce valuable chemicals. The project combines numerical modelling, detailed flowsheet analysis and process optimisation.

Applicants should have or expect to achieve at least a 2.1 honours degree (or equivalent) in Chemical, Process and Mechanical Engineering, Mathematics, Physics and or any other related degree.
Candidates with a good background in computational modelling experience and process design software (such ASPEN Plus, ASPEN Hysys), as well as good understanding of the reactor engineering concepts are desirable.


Funding Notes

Self-funded students

How good is research at University of Manchester in Aeronautical, Mechanical, Chemical and Manufacturing Engineering?
Chemical Engineering

FTE Category A staff submitted: 33.90

Research output data provided by the Research Excellence Framework (REF)

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