This PhD project will analyse the pathways to change in women’s empowerment that Gender Transformative Approaches (GTAs) aim to achieve. GTAs encourage critical awareness about gender roles and norms; challenge the distribution of resources and allocation of duties between men and women; and address the power relationships between women and others in the community. By engaging with harmful social norms and gendered power relations, GTAs intend to create pathways for culturally-appropriate women’s empowerment. In other words, pathways through which women farmers can more freely decide how to use and invest their time, savings and resources to engage in economically productive activities of their own design, thus leading to better, longer-lasting, and more equitable development outcomes for resource-poor people. This project will explore how and why GTAs bring about change in gender relations seeking to uncover the catalysts for change across three domains of empowerment – intrinsic agency (power within), instrumental agency (power to), and collective agency (power with). Empirical data collection in a developing country where agricultural development interventions are using GTAs will be required. The successful candidate will have a development background in gender analyses and an understanding how social norms and gendered power relations influence agricultural development outcomes.