We are looking for a PhD candidate who is interested in helping to re-invent potato breeding using innovative biotechnology and genomics-based approaches.
Conventional potato breeding takes place at the tetraploid level, to exploit the yield advantage conferred by the naturally larger cells of tetraploids. Potato is normally an outbreeding crop that is intolerant to inbreeding and mostly self-incompatible (SI) at the diploid level. A recently proposed alternative, F1 hybrid breeding, is a paradigm shift in the genetic approach of breeding potatoes. This approach uses self-compatible (SC) inbred potato diploids allowing the incremental accumulation of beneficial alleles via rapid backcrossing schemes. However, initiating F1 hybrid breeding in potato is an enormously expensive endeavour and out of the reach of many potato breeding companies.
We are developing Fixation - Restitution Breeding, an innovative potato breeding system where, similar to F1 hybrid breeding, self-compatible diploids are used to accumulate favourable alleles via rapid backcrossing schemes. However, these lines are subsequently used to rapidly transfer and fix the traits into tetraploid breeding populations by virtue of the ability to produce unreduced diploid pollen, producing viable tetraploids when used in 4x X 2x crosses. Fixation-Restitution Breeding will also allow efficient recurrent selection to be harnessed in potato, but will be more feasible to implement than F1 hybrid breeding for most potato breeders.
Within the wider project, the candidate will work on a large panel of diploid potato genotypes, carrying out genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in order to identify allelic variation for traits important to the success of Fix-Res breeding. The project will also use next generation sequencing and molecular marker-driven methods to monitor the extent of heterozygosity in inbred lines, and investigate the basis of the retention of regions of heterozygosity.
The PhD project will be part of the ERA-NET project DIFFUGAT, involving 5 research partners and commercial potato breeding companies from the Netherlands, Ireland, Denmark and Germany.
We’re seeking an ambitious and enthusiastic person eager to work on the interface of genomics and practical plant breeding. The following experience is required:
• Proven previous experience in a plant genetics, genomics, plant breeding or informatics research environment as evidenced by a significant academic project (preferably at the MSc level), or equivalent professional experience
• A high degree of proficiency in data analysis. Proven skills in handling large datasets is a preference.
• Excellent communication skills;
• Proficiency in English (spoken as well as written).
For more information about this position, please contact Dan Milbourne (Teagasc), Senior Research Scientist, Crop Science Department, Teagasc (Ireland), E-mail: [email protected]
or Herman van Eck, Assistant Professor, Plant Breeding, WUR (Netherlands), E-mail: [email protected]
Teagasc is the national body providing integrated research, advisory and training services to the agriculture and food industry and rural communities in Ireland. The Department of Crop Science is located on a 225 hectare campus at Oak Park, Carlow. It is the home of the highly successful Teagasc potato breeding programme, and is equipped with extensive field trialling and controlled temperature (glasshouse and chamber) growth facilities and fully equipped molecular biology laboratories. (see http://www.teagasc.ie
The mission Wageningen University & Research (WUR) is to explore the potential of nature to improve the quality of life. Within Wageningen University & Research, nine specialized research institutes from the Wageningen Research Foundation and Wageningen University have joined forces to help answer the most important questions in the domain of healthy food and living environment. With approximately 30 locations, 5,000 employees, and 10,000 students, it is one of the leading organizations in its domain worldwide.