Holistic building renovation algorithms for accelerating the agenda towards future Net Zero Carbon Building

   Wolfson School of Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering

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  Dr X Chen, Prof PC Eames  No more applications being accepted  Funded PhD Project (Students Worldwide)

About the Project

The Wolfson School of Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering has seen 100% of its research impact rated as ‘world-leading’ or ‘internationally excellent’, underlining the wide-ranging positive impacts that our research has on the world (REF, 2021).

In choosing Loughborough for your research, you’ll work alongside academics who are leaders in their field. You will benefit from comprehensive support and guidance from our Doctoral College, including tailored careers advice, to help you succeed in your research and future career. Find out more.


Both the UK and EU have set up ambitious carbon neutral targets to achieve zero carbon emission by 2050. The building sector can play a significant role to accelerate this agenda. The built environment has long been cited as the largest energy consumer, accounting for 40% of the final energy demand globally. In the EU and the UK, around 80 to 85% of the existing buildings will still be in use till 2050. However, the current building retrofit rate is too low (i.e. about 1.2% per year) to achieve the carbon neutral target.

This project will base on the continuous works from an EU-funded project RezBuild (https://rezbuildproject.eu/), and apply multi-optimisation methods to develop a series of novel simulation algorithms for holistic building retrofit at both single building and building clusters level. By working on this project will ensure you acquire substantial knowledge in building energy modelling using multi-criteria analysis methods. You will also have the chance to get connected to a range of active industrial players with specialities in building renovation and sustainable building technologies both in the UK and EU, thereby paving way for your future career development.

Applicants are welcome to take a look at Dr. Xiangjie Chen's Google scholar profile and familiarize themselves with the team's previous publications in the Building Retrofit field.


Primary supervisor: Xiangjie na Chen

Secondary supervisor: Professor Philip Eames

Entry requirements for United Kingdom

Applicants should have, or expect to achieve, at least a 2:1 honours degree (or equivalent international qualification) in mechanical engineering, computer science, building engineering, energy or a related subject. A relevant master’s degree and/or experience in one or more of the following will be highly valued: 1) computer programming experiences using the following software: C+, Fortran, Phyton ; 2) building energy modeling experiences using EnergyPlus, IES VE.

English language requirements

Applicants must meet the minimum English language requirements. Further details are available on the International website.


All applications should be made online. Under programme name, select 'Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering'. Please quote the advertised reference number: P2SAM22-03 in your application.

To avoid delays in processing your application, please ensure that you submit the minimum supporting documents.

Apply now

Funding Notes

If awarded, the studentship is for 3 years and provides a tax-free stipend of £16,062 per annum for the duration of the studentship plus tuition fees at the UK rate. While we welcome applications from international students, please be advised that it will only be possible to fund the tuition fees at the international rate and no stipend will be available. Successful candidates will be notified end of October 2022.
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