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Impact analysis and performance optimisation of shock-resistant transparent structures (LIUDU19SF)

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  • Full or part time
    Dr D Liu
  • Application Deadline
    No more applications being accepted
  • Self-Funded PhD Students Only
    Self-Funded PhD Students Only

Project Description

Transparent materials are essential because the human perception is principally conceived through the vision sense. Advanced transparent materials have gradually replaced their traditional counterparts, for example, glass, in many technological applications where conventional materials are infeasible and unsuitable, especially in the subjects of protective armors, optical lenses and laser equipment.

In this proposal, a novel material for the application to transparent armors will be developed to enhance the performance of complex systems with high transparency and impact resistance. The aims of this research will include five aspects:

1. Developing a model of a projectile-eroding-fragmenting layer and identifying the optimal geometric parameters of structural layers in the simulations;
2. Including energy absorbing and crack-arresting considerations into the multi-objective optimization formulation;
3. Based on Step 1 and 2, further modelling a fragmented armor debris containment layer (spall shield) to represent the impact process so that the client’s needs can be met;
4. Investigating the properties of adhesive layers (adhesive function) used to stitch the multi-layers of the complex system and achieve the shock-resistant function.
5. Validating the optimal design by numerical simulations and experimental tests.

For more information on the supervisor for this project, please go here:

Type of programme: PhD

Project start date: October 2019

Mode of study: Full time

Entry requirements: Acceptable first degree - Material/Mechanical Engineering. The standard minimum entry requirement is 2:1. Master degree is necessary.

Funding Notes

This PhD project is offered on a self-funding basis. It is open to applicants with funding or those applying to funding sources. Details of tuition fees can be found at

A bench fee is also payable on top of the tuition fee to cover specialist equipment or laboratory costs required for the research. The amount charged annually will vary considerably depending on the nature of the project and applicants should contact the primary supervisor for further information about the fee associated with the project.


i) E. Strassburger, et al., Analysis of the Fragmentation of AION and Spinal Under Ballistic Impact. J of Applied Mechanics, Vol 80, 2013

ii) E. Strassburger, Ballistic testing of transparent armour ceramics, J of the European Ceramic Society, Vol 29, 2009

iii) P.J. Patel, et al., Improved low-cost multi-hit transparent armor, ADM002075, US Army Research Laboratory

iv) M. Grujicic, et al., Design and material selection guidelines and strategies for transparent armor systems, Materials and Design, Vol34, 2012

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