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Interleukin-36 and Its Receptor

  • Full or part time
  • Application Deadline
    Applications accepted all year round
  • Self-Funded PhD Students Only
    Self-Funded PhD Students Only

Project Description

I am exploring how the pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-36 can become activated and the structural features of the receptor and the cytokine that allow activation to be recognised in vivo.

Interleukin (IL)-36 is a group of three homologous IL-1-like cytokines that share a unique receptor (IL1RL2), which is expressed on many epithelial cells, particularly skin, gut and airways. IL1RL2 seems to share its mechanism and its co-receptor with IL-1 receptor but there is no overlap between their ligand specificity. Dysregulated responses to IL-36 are associated with chronic or episodic inflammation of epithelia.

IL-36 proteins are produced as inactive precursors in the cytoplasm. Specific processed forms are potent pro-inflammatory stimuli on cells that bear the IL-36 receptor. There is currently only a rudimentary understanding of the unique function for IL-36 within the immune system. There is still much to be discovered concerning the pathways that naturally stimulate IL-36 protein expression, lead to its release from the cell and its activation by proteolytic processing.

The PhD project will be directed towards our continuing investigation of the activation of IL-36 expression and the structural details of the interaction of IL-36 and its receptor that allow recognition of precisely processed products.

Funding Notes

This project is suitable for a self-funded student or a student with a government scholarship including from overseas.

References

Candidates must have a first or upper second class honors degree or significant research experience.

The candidates must have completed a laboratory based project as part of their degree.

Proposed start date: October 2020

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