The global mean temperature increase of 1.1°C since pre-industrial levels, attributed to record levels of greenhouse gases, affects human health, the economy, and security. The World Meteorological Organization reported 2010-2019 as the warmest decade on record; ice sheets in Greenland and Antarctica are melting faster and sea-ice in the Arctic and Antarctica is shrinking. Furthermore, the strongest cyclones recorded, severe flooding and extreme heat conditions have increased global hunger, internal displacements, health inequalities, and compounded economic shocks and conflict.
Artificial Intelligence (AI) has proven highly effective in drawing insight from data where the underlying patterns are difficult or impossible to identify using traditional data analysis techniques. The prediction power of AI has the potential to significantly impact many climate change issues; predicting anything from extreme weather events to crop yield. The data available for such prediction systems is significant, making the application of AI to the field of climate change a logical progression which has the potential to provide significant societal impact. Unfortunately, communities most severely affected by climate change are also those who are most likely to be deprived from the level of education and the specialised technology required to leverage the power of AI to make informed decisions which could have lifesaving impacts on a large scale.
This research project sets out to address the following key questions: i) what role and contribution can the development and application of AI play in a changing climate to deliver climate justice ii) to what extent can AI be utilised by communities most likely to be affected by climate change iii) what AI utilisation pathways need to developed for greater access, availability, and awareness by communities.
The successful candidate will have knowledge of AI, an awareness of climate change debates and interest in the application of AI to the global south.