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Modelling the association between blood pressure variability and cardiovascular disease

  • Full or part time
    Dr J Barrett
  • Application Deadline
    Tuesday, January 07, 2020
  • Competition Funded PhD Project (Students Worldwide)
    Competition Funded PhD Project (Students Worldwide)

Project Description

Cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of mortality in the UK, with over 150,000 cardiovascular-related deaths each year. By identifying novel cardiovascular risk factors we can improve cardiovascular risk prediction, so that individuals at greatest risk may benefit from preventative intervention.

Evidence has been growing in the medical literature for an association between the variability of a person’s blood pressure and their risk of cardiovascular disease1; those with more variable blood pressure measurements appear to be at greater risk of disease. But sub-optimal statistical methods have generally been used to estimate the association, such as using the standard deviation of each individual’s measurements as a risk factor in a survival model for the time to first cardiovascular event. Limitations with this approach include (i) failure to account for measurement error in the estimated standard deviations and (ii) those who experience an early cardiovascular event having fewer blood pressure measurements, leading to differing levels of measurement error between individuals. This project will explore the use of joint models of longitudinal and survival data to overcome these problems by simultaneous analysis of the repeated blood pressure measurements and the time to the first cardiovascular event2. The new methods will be applied to data from the Emerging Risk Factors Collaboration, a consortium led by the Cardiovascular Epidemiology Unit consisting of more than 130 prospective studies providing individual-participant data with the aim of studying novel risk factors for cardiovascular disease.

Funding Notes

The MRC Biostatistics Unit offers 4 fulltime PhDs funded by the Medical Research Council for commencement in April 2020 (UK applicants only) or October 2020 (all applicants). Academic and Residence eligibility criteria apply.

In order to be formally considered all applicants must complete a University of Cambridge application form. Informal enquiries are welcome to

Applications received via the University application system will all be considered as a gathered field after the closing date 7th January 2020

For all queries see our website for details View Website

References

1. Parati G. et al. Blood pressure variability: assessment, predictive value, and potential as a therapeutic agent. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25790801
2. Asar, Ö. et al. Joint modelling of repeated measurement and time-to-event data: an introductory tutorial. https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyu262.

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