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MRC DiMeN Doctoral Training Partnership: Hacking at the cellular level; How do viruses subvert intracellular networks for viral RNA genome trafficking within infected cells?


   MRC DiMeN Doctoral Training Partnership

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  Dr J N Barr, Dr Juan Fontana, Dr M Stacey  No more applications being accepted  Competition Funded PhD Project (Students Worldwide)

About the Project

Nairoviruses are a group of insect-borne RNA viruses that include the extreme human pathogen Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV), which is listed as a priority pathogen in the WHO ‘Research and Development Blueprint’. No vaccines or therapies are currently available to prevent or treat CCHFV disease, and this represents an urgent unmet need. Nairoviruses are enveloped viruses that internalise into cells within endosomes, and following endosome-escape, their RNA genomes transit to a specific destination. This transit does not occur by random diffusion – instead nairoviruses subvert cellular process to move their genomes to a site known as a viral factory. As its name suggests, the factory is the site of intense anabolic activity, where viral components are mass-produced, destined for assembly into new viruses. Formation of the virus factory is a multi-step process, critical for infection and disease. However, no detailed information of how the nairovirus genome transits to the factory site, or factory structure, is currently available. This project will fill this knowledge gap, providing potential cellular and viral targets for future anti-viral therapies, as well as providing detailed information of critical host-pathogen interactions.

Using the closely-related yet non-pathogenic Hazara nairovirus (HAZV) as a model for CCHFV, this project will identify cellular pathways and components that are hijacked by nairoviruses to allow their journey from the endosome to the virus factory, as well as determine the location and ultrastructure of the factory itself. To achieve these aims, we will first use reverse genetics to introduce site-specific mutations within the HAZV RNA genome to develop a ‘tool-kit’ of engineered infectious HAZV variants bearing genetically-encoded fluorescent and epitope tags, which will allow visualization and tracking of all HAZV RNA and protein components within cells on the entry pathway. Next, using our previously generated RNAi and CRISPR-based gene knock-down/knock-out screen data (Fuller et al, 2020), we will determine cell factor involvement by visualizing impaired RNA genome transit in cells with disrupted protein function, resulting from genetic ablation or use of specific inhibitors or expression of dominant-negatives. Finally, we will visualize virus factory organisation using electron microscopy observation of sectioned cells, using state-of-the-art cryo-focused ion beam, alongside high-resolution light microscopy techniques such as STED. We recently characterised for the first time the location and content of the hantavirus replication factory using light and electron microscopy (Davies et al, 2020) and similar techniques will be adopted here. We welcome applications from enthusiastic and talented individuals, who wish to join our thriving team of scientists and develop valuable skills in state-of-the-art techniques in reverse genetics, cellular gene ablation, as well as electron microscopy and light microscopy.

Supervisor lab pages:

Dr John N. Barr:

https://biologicalsciences.leeds.ac.uk/molecular-and-cellular-biology/staff/22/dr-john-n-barr

https://astbury.leeds.ac.uk/people/dr-john-barr/

Dr Juan Fontana: https://biologicalsciences.leeds.ac.uk/molecular-and-cellular-biology/staff/68/dr-juan-fontana

https://astbury.leeds.ac.uk/people/dr-juan-fontana-2/

Dr Martin Stacey: https://biologicalsciences.leeds.ac.uk/molecular-and-cellular-biology/staff/138/dr-martin-stacey

Benefits of being in the DiMeN DTP:

This project is part of the Discovery Medicine North Doctoral Training Partnership (DiMeN DTP), a diverse community of PhD students across the North of England researching the major health problems facing the world today. Our partner institutions (Universities of Leeds, Liverpool, Newcastle, York and Sheffield) are internationally recognised as centres of research excellence and can offer you access to state-of the-art facilities to deliver high impact research.

We are very proud of our student-centred ethos and committed to supporting you throughout your PhD. As part of the DTP, we offer bespoke training in key skills sought after in early career researchers, as well as opportunities to broaden your career horizons in a range of non-academic sectors.

Being funded by the MRC means you can access additional funding for research placements, international training opportunities or internships in science policy, science communication and beyond. See how our current DiMeN students have benefited from this funding here: https://www.dimen.org.uk/blog

Further information on the programme and how to apply can be found on our website:

https://www.dimen.org.uk/how-to-apply


Funding Notes

Studentships are fully funded by the Medical Research Council (MRC) for 4yrs. Funding will cover tuition fees, stipend and project costs. We also aim to support the most outstanding applicants from outside the UK and are able to offer a limited number of full studentships to international applicants. Please read additional guidance here: https://www.dimen.org.uk/eligibility-criteria
Studentships commence: 1st October 2023
Good luck!

References

Fuller J, Álvarez-Rodríguez B, Todd EJAA, Mankouri J, Hewson R, Barr JN. 2020. Hazara nairovirus requires COPI components in both Arf1-dependent and Arf1-independent stages of its replication cycle. Journal of Virology, Vol. 94, No. 17.
Davies KA, Chadwick B, Hewson R, Fontana J, Mankouri J, Barr JN. 2020. The RNA Replication Site of Tula Orthohantavirus Resides within a Remodelled Golgi Network. Cells. 9(7)
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