Ferroelectrics have a multitude of applications that range from medical ultrasound transducers to non-volatile random access memories and exploit their superior dielectric, piezoelectric, pyroelectric and optical properties, as well as the defining characteristic of ferroelectrics—their spontaneous electrical polarization that can be switched by an electric field. However, as device dimensions shrink to the nanometre scale, the behaviour of ferroelectrics changes dramatically, presenting new challenges and opportunities for understanding and exploiting ferroelectrics. For example, in the ultrathin limit, complex polarization patterns emerge and can lead to unusual properties such as ferroelectric negative capacitance that could be utilised in future low-power electronics. Epitaxial thin films and multilayers of ferroelectric and non-ferroelectric oxides that allow effective control of electrical and mechanical boundary conditions, provide an ideal platform for studying nanoscale ferroelectricity and designing new, artificially layered materials with enhanced properties. This PhD project will explore the physics of ferroelectric oxide multilayers with exotic nanoscale polarization structures and their effect on the functional properties of these artificially layered materials. It will involve the growth of high-quality epitaxial oxide heterostructures using our dedicated off-axis radiofrequency magnetron sputtering systems, structural characterization and investigation of phase transitions using variable temperature X-ray diffraction, imaging of domain structures using scanning probe microscopy and synchrotron X-ray nanodiffraction at large scale facilities in the UK and abroad, device fabrication using the cleanroom facilities at the London Centre for Nanotechnology, and extensive electrical characterization of functional properties. The project will be supervised by Professor Pavlo Zubko and will involve close interactions with a number of collaborating laboratories in the UK and Europe that will support the project with theoretical simulations, advanced electron microscopy and other complementary experimental techniques. Applicants should have a degree in Physics, Materials Science, Chemistry or related subject.
This project is part of the UCL EPSRC DTP (Doctoral Training Partnership). All studentships are fully funded for 4 years and provide:
- 4 years fees (Home rate) (International students will receive a UCL award to cover the home/international fee difference)
- Maintenance stipend at the UCL EPSRC DTP enhanced rate
- Research Training Support Grant (RTSG) of £4,800. This is to cover additional costs of training eg courses, project costs, conferences, travel
How to Apply:
- Informal inquiries regarding the project can be made by contacting Prof. Pavlo Zubko
- Formal applications should be made via UCL's Doctoral School here
- Please note that the 8 January deadline (1pm) includes the submission of references by that date.