Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are potentially traumatic events that may have lasting effects on health and wellbeing. Exposure to ACEs has been shown to be associated with poor child and adult outcomes in high income countries, but very little is known about their burden or effects in low and middle income countries (LMICs) and whether they are important predictors of child outcomes once socio-economic status has been accounted for.
This PhD project will: 1. Examine the burden of ACEs in LMICs; 2. Examine whether there is an association between ACEs and child health and development outcomes in LMICs; and 3. Examine how ACEs might be understood and used in preventative public health programmes in LMICs.
To fulfil the objectives of the PhD, the student will conduct a systematic review, analyses of open-access demographic and health survey data, and a qualitative study with health professionals in one exemplar low or middle income country. This will allow them to gain knowledge of global child health and causal inference theory, develop a systematic and critical understanding of current literature on ACEs in LMICs, and gain experience in planning and implementing a project involving statistical and qualitative methods. The project will therefore suit a student with a background in public health or epidemiology who wishes to consolidate their skills across a range of different research methods.
The programme of work will make a key contribution to the sustainable development agenda, by providing data to understand the burden of ACEs and whether they affect children’s health and development above and beyond poverty in LMICs. This information, along with the results of the qualitative analysis, will provide essential formative information to inform the development of preventive interventions in these settings.
The studentship is generously funded by the School of Medicine Full UK/EU tuition fees Doctoral stipend matching UK Research Council National Minimum Additional funding is available over the course of the programme and will cover costs such as research consumables and training. Applicants should possess a minimum of an upper second class Honours degree, master's degree, or equivalent in a relevant subject. Applicants whose first language is not English are normally expected to meet the minimum University requirements (e.g. 6.5 IELTS)
In order to be considered you must submit a formal application via Cardiff University’s online application service. (To access the system click 'Apply Online' at the bottom of this advert) There is a box at the top right of the page labelled ‘Apply’, please ensure you select the correct ‘Qualification’ (Doctor of Philosophy), the correct ‘Mode of Study’ (Full Time) and the correct ‘Start Date’ (October 2019). This will take you to the application portal. Candidates are only permitted to submit one application but may select a maximum of three projects, ranked in order of preference in the ‘Research Proposal’ section of the application. In order to be considered candidates must submit the following information:
• Supporting statement • CV • Qualification certificates • References x 2 • Proof of English language (if applicable)