FREE Virtual Study Fair | 1 - 2 March | REGISTER NOW FREE Virtual Study Fair | 1 - 2 March | REGISTER NOW

PhD Positions: Direct Visualisation of Nucleation: from Fundamentals to New Materials


   Applications accepted all year round  Funded PhD Project (European/UK Students Only)

About the Project

Understanding the nucleation of crystals is of profound importance both for fundamental and technological reasons. In the simplest material known to self—assemble to form a crystal, hard spheres, state-of-the-art predictions and experimental measurements of nucleation rates differ by over ten orders of magnitude – the “second—biggest discrepancy in physics” [1,2]. Beyond hard spheres, soft particles in the form of colloidal microgels exhibit a wide range of exotic crystal structures, which to date have proven hard to realise.

In this project we will use a novel experiment—computer simulation approach to address the challenges of nucleation and realisation of crystal structures in colloids. We will use

-- A new experimental technique, nano—particle resolved studies, to address the challenge of the nucleation rate discrepancy and form the basis for the experimental part of the project.

-- We shall develop a novel feedback method where nano-real space analysis is combined with computer simulations, crystal-prediction methods [3], and free-energy calculation methods [4].

-- Use our methods to develop the assembly of soft particles, which is predicted to massively enhance the range of crystal structures that the system can access.

The project is led by C. Patrick Royall, ESPCI Paris [] (experiments) and Frank Smallenburg [], Paris-Saclay (simulations) and is a collaboration with Dr Nicoletta Gnan, La Sapienza, Roma. PhD positions are available in experiments (CPR) and simulations (FS). The work will be supported by the Agence National de Recherche (ANR).

Candidates should contact CPR (experiments) or FS (simulations). The position is appropriate to holders of a degree in Physics or Chemistry or a similar discipline. Experience of soft matter experiments or simulations respectively is highly desirable. Further details of the research program of the PIs is available on and The positions are expected to start in fall 2022. 

Funding Notes

The work will be supported by the Agence National de Recherche (ANR).


[1] N. Wood, J. Russo, F. Turci, and C.P. Royall, J. Chem. Phys. 149 204506 (2018).
[2] J. Taffs, J. and C. P. Royall, Nature Comms. 7 13225 (2016).
[3] L. Filion, M. Marechal, B. van Oorschot, D. Pelt, F. Smallenburg, and M. Dijkstra, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 188302, (2009).
[4] N. P. Kryuchkov, F. Smallenburg, A. V. Ivlev, S. O. Yurchenko, and H. Löwen, J. Chem. Phys. 150, 104903, (2019).

Email Now

Search Suggestions
Search suggestions

Based on your current searches we recommend the following search filters.

PhD saved successfully
View saved PhDs