Sustainable use of soil and water resources is crucial to preserve healthy terrestrial ecosystems and maintaining food security. Many of the scientific and technical challenges related to these issues hinge on understanding, controlling and optimizing processes that involve the multiscale (in both space and time) dynamics of water and nutrients in the soil-plant system, arguably the porous medium ‘par excellence’. Fundamental research on these interdisciplinary topics will provide guidance and novel solutions to improve human actions on agroecosystems and reduce their potential negative impacts. The long-lasting environmental repercussion of water and soil management in agroecosystems and the elements of irreversibility on the microscale structure of soils in relation to soil degradation and salinization, groundwater dynamics, carbon and nutrient retention, which in turn affect plant status and productivity and ultimately ecosystems conditions and human welfare, are neither straightforward nor well understood. The specific objectives of this project are to combine cutting-edge experimental and theoretical techniques to find optimal land-use management for sustainable use of terrestrial ecology and quantitative analysis of the effectiveness of applied human strategies on ecosystem management for food and water supply security. For further details and information, please contact Dr Nima Shokri, e-mail [email protected].
A degree in one of the following is preferred: environmental engineering, mechanical engineering, chemical engineering, environmental science or petroleum engineering